All authors are MAKS members and have contributed to the design of the project. Many authors also included users and disseminated the project in their own country. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Mask Study Group
J Bousquet1–3, PW Hellings4, W Aberer5, I Agache6, CA Akdis7, M Akdis7, MR Alberti8, R Almeida9, F Amat10, R Angles11, I Annesi-Maesano12, IJ Ansotegui13, JM Anto14–17, S Arnavielle18, E Asayag19, A Asarnoj20, H Arshad21, F Avolio22, E Bacci23, C Bachert24, I Baiardini25, C Barbara26, M Barbagallo27, I Baroni28, BA Barreto29, X Basagana14, ED Bateman30, M Bedolla-Barajas31, A Bedbrook2, M Bewick32, B Beghé33, EH Bel34, KC Bergmann35, KS Bennoor36, M Benson37, L Bertorello23, AZ Białoszewski38, T Bieber39, S Bialek40, C Bindslev-Jensen41, L Bjermer42, H Blain43,44, F Blasi45, A Blua46, M Bochenska Marciniak47, I Bogus-Buczynska47, AL Boner48, M Bonini49, S Bonini50, CS Bosnic-Anticevich51, I Bosse52, J Bouchard53, LP Boulet54, R Bourret55, PJ Bousquet12, F Braido25, V Briedis56, CE Brightling57, J Brozek58, C Bucca59, R Buhl60, R Buonaiuto61, C Panaitescu62, MT Burguete Cabañas63, E Burte3, A Bush64, F Caballero-Fonseca65, D Caillot67, D Caimmi68, MA Calderon69, PAM Camargos70, T Camuzat71, G Canfora72, GW Canonica25, V Cardona73, KH Carlsen74, P Carreiro-Martins75, AM Carriazo76, W Carr77, C Cartier78, T Casale79, G Castellano80, L Cecchi81, AM Cepeda82, NH Chavannes83, Y Chen84, R Chiron68, T Chivato85, E Chkhartishvili86, AG Chuchalin87, KF Chung88, MM Ciaravolo89, A Ciceran90, C Cingi91, G Ciprandi92, AC Carvalho Coehlo93, L Colas94, E Colgan95, J Coll96, D Conforti97, J Correia de Sousa98, RM Cortés-Grimaldo99, F Corti100, E Costa101, MC Costa-Dominguez102, AL Courbis103, L Cox104, M Crescenzo105, AA Cruz106, A Custovic107, W Czarlewski108, SE Dahlen109, C Dario110, J da Silva111, Y Dauvilliers112, U Darsow113, F De Blay114, G De Carlo115, T Dedeu116, M de Fátima Emerson117, G De Feo118, G De Vries119, B De Martino120, N de Paula Motta Rubini121, D Deleanu122, P Demoly12,68, JA Denburg123, P Devillier124, S Di Capua Ercolano125, N Di Carluccio66, A Didier126, D Dokic127, MG Dominguez-Silva128, H Douagui129, G Dray103, R Dubakiene130, SR Durham131, G Du Toit132, MS Dykewicz133, Y El-Gamal134, P Eklund135, E Eller41, R Emuzyte136, J Farrell95, A Farsi81, J Ferreira de Mello Jr137, J Ferrero138, A Fink-Wagner139, A Fiocchi140, WJ Fokkens141, JA Fonseca142, JF Fontaine143, S Forti97, JM Fuentes-Perez144, JL Gálvez-Romero145, A Gamkrelidze146, J Garcia-Aymerich14, CY García-Cobas147, MH Garcia-Cruz148, B Gemicioğlu149, S Genova150, C George151, JE Gereda152, R Gerth van Wijk153, RM Gomez154, J Gómez-Vera155, S González Diaz156, M Gotua157, I Grisle158, M Guidacci159, NA Guldemond160, Z Gutter161, MA Guzmán162, T Haahtela163, J Hajjam164, L Hernández165, JO’B Hourihane166, YR Huerta-Villalobos167, M Humbert168, G Iaccarino169, M Illario170, JC Ivancevich171, EJ Jares172, E Jassem173, SL Johnston174, G Joos175, KS Jung176, M Jutel177, I Kaidashev178, O Kalayci179, AF Kalyoncu180, J Karjalainen181, P Kardas182, T Keil183, PK Keith184, M Khaitov185, N Khaltaev186, J Kleine-Tebbe187, L Klimek188, ML Kowalski189, M Kuitunen190, I Kull191, P Kuna47, M Kupczyk47, V Kvedariene192, E Krzych-Fałta193, P Lacwik47, D Larenas-Linnemann194, D Laune18, D Lauri195, J Lavrut196, LTT Le197, M Lessa198, G Levato199, J Li200, P Lieberman201, A Lipiec193, B Lipworth202, KC Lodrup Carlsen203, R Louis204, O Lourenço205, JA Luna-Pech206, K Maciej47, A Magnan94, B Mahboub207, D Maier208, A Mair209, I Majer210, J Malva211, E Mandajieva212, P Manning213, E De Manuel Keenoy214, GD Marshall215, MR Masjedi216, JF Maspero217, E Mathieu-Dupas18, JJ Matta Campos218, AL Matos219, M Maurer
220, S Mavale-Manuel221, O Mayora97, MA Medina-Avalos222, E Melén223, E Melo-Gomes26, EO Meltzer224, E Menditto225, J Mercier226, N Miculinic227, F Mihaltan228, B Milenkovic229, G Moda230, MD Mogica-Martinez231, Y Mohammad232, I Momas233,234, S Montefort235, R Monti236, D Mora Bogado237, M Morais-Almeida238, FF Morato-Castro239, R Mösges240, A Mota-Pinto241, P Moura Santo242, J Mullol243, L Münter244, A Muraro245, R Murray246, R Naclerio247, R Nadif3, M Nalin28, L Napoli248, L Namazova-Baranova249, H Neffen250, V Niedeberger251, K Nekam252, A Neou253, A Nieto254, L Nogueira-Silva255, M Nogues2,256, E Novellino257, TD Nyembue258, RE O’Hehir259, C Odzhakova260, K Ohta261, Y Okamoto262, K Okubo263, GL Onorato2, M Ortega Cisneros264, S Ouedraogo265, I Pali-Schöll266, S Palkonen115, P Panzner267, NG Papadopoulos268, HS Park269, A Papi270, G Passalacqua271, E Paulino272, R Pawankar273, S Pedersen274, JL Pépin275, AM Pereira276, M Persico277, O Pfaar278,279, J Phillips280, R Picard281, B Pigearias282, I Pin283, C Pitsios284, D Plavec285, W Pohl286, TA Popov287, F Portejoie2, P Potter288, AC Pozzi289, D Price290, EP Prokopakis291, R Puy259, B Pugin292, RE Pulido Ross293, M Przemecka47, KF Rabe294, F Raciborski193, R Rajabian-Soderlund295, S Reitsma141, I Ribeirinho296, J Rimmer297, D Rivero-Yeverino298, JA Rizzo299, MC Rizzo300, C Robalo-Cordeiro301, F Rodenas302, X Rodo14, M Rodriguez Gonzalez303, L Rodriguez-Mañas304, C Rolland305, S Rodrigues Valle306, M Roman Rodriguez307, A Romano308, E Rodriguez-Zagal309, G Rolla310, RE Roller-Wirnsberger311, M Romano28, J Rosado-Pinto312, N Rosario313, M Rottem314, D Ryan315, H Sagara316, J Salimäki317, B Samolinski193, M Sanchez-Borges318, J Sastre-Dominguez319, GK Scadding320, HJ Schunemann58, N Scichilone321, P Schmid-Grendelmeier322, FS Serpa323, S Shamai240, A Sheikh324, M Sierra96, FER Simons325, V Siroux326, JC Sisul327, I Skrindo378, D Solé328, D Somekh329, M Sondermann330, T Sooronbaev331, M Sova332, M Sorensen333, M Sorlini334, O Spranger139, C Stellato118, R Stelmach335, R Stukas336, J Sunyer14–17, J Strozek193, A Szylling193, JN Tebyriçá337, M Thibaudon338, T To339, A Todo-Bom340, PV Tomazic341, S Toppila-Salmi163, U Trama342, M Triggiani118, C Suppli Ulrik343, M Urrutia-Pereira344, R Valenta345, A Valero346, A Valiulis347, E Valovirta348, M van Eerd119, E van Ganse349, M van Hague350, O Vandenplas351, MT Ventura352, G Vezzani353, T Vasankari354, A Vatrella118, MT Verissimo211, F Viart78, G Viegi355, D Vicheva356, T Vontetsianos357, M Wagenmann358, S Walker359, D Wallace360, DY Wang361, S Waserman362, T Werfel363, M Westman364, M Wickman191, DM Williams365, S Williams366, N Wilson, J Wright367, P Wroczynski40, P Yakovliev368, BP Yawn369, PK Yiallouros370, A Yorgancioglu371, OM Yusuf372, HJ Zar373, L Zhang374, N Zhong200, ME Zernotti375, M Zidarn376, T Zuberbier35, C Zubrinich259, A Zurkuhlen377
1University Hospital, Montpellier, France. 2MACVIA-France, Fondation partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France. 3VIMA. INSERM U 1168, VIMA : Ageing and chronic diseases Epidemiological and public health approaches, Villejuif, Université Versailles St-Quentin-en-Yvelines, UMR-S 1168, Montigny le Bretonneux, France and Euforea, Brussels, Belgium. 4Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. 5Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria. 6Transylvania University Brasov, Brasov, Romania. 7Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), University of Zurich, Davos, Switzerland. 8Project Manager, Chairman of the Council of Municipality of Salerno, Italy. 9Center for Health Technology and Services Research- CINTESIS, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto; and Medida, Lda Porto, Portugal. 10Allergology department, Centre de l’Asthme et des Allergies Hôpital d’Enfants Armand-Trousseau (APHP); Sorbonne Université, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 1136, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique, Equipe EPAR, Paris, France. 11Innovación y nuevas tecnologías, Salud Sector sanitario de Barbastro, Barbastro, Spain. 12Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases, Department Institute Pierre Louis of Epidemiology and Public Health, INSERM and Sorbonne Université, Medical School Saint Antoine, Paris, France 13Department of Allergy and Immunology, Hospital Quirón Bizkaia, Erandio, Spain. 14ICREA and Climate and Health (CLIMA) Program, ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain. 15IMIM (Hospital del Mar Research Institute), Barcelona, Spain. 16CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain. 17Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF),
Barcelona, Spain. 18KYomed INNOV, Montpellier, France. 19Argentine Society of Allergy and Immunopathology, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 20Clinical Immunology and Allergy Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, and Astrid Lindgren Children’s Hospital, Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Allergy, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 21David Hide Asthma and Allergy Research Centre, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom. 22Regionie Puglia, Bari, Italy. 23Regione Liguria, Genoa, Italy. 24Upper Airways Research Laboratory, ENT Dept, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. 25Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, University of Genoa, Italy. 26PNDR, Portuguese National Programme for Respiratory Diseases, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal. 27Director of the Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine (DIBIMIS), University of Palermo, Italy. 28Telbios SRL, Milan, Italy. 29Universidade do Estado do Pará, Belem, Brazil. 30Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. 31Hospital Civil de Guadalajara Dr Juan I Menchaca, Guadalarara, Mexico. 32iQ4U Consultants Ltd, London, UK. 33Section of Respiratory Disease, Department of Oncology, Haematology and Respiratory Diseases, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. 34Department of Respiratory Medicine, Academic Medical Center (AMC), University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 35Comprehensive Allergy Center Charité, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin; Global Allergy and Asthma European Network (GA2LEN), Berlin, Germany. 36Deptt of Respiratory Medicine, National Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 37Centre for Individualized Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Linköping, Sweden. 38Department of Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. 39BIEBER. Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University Bonn, Bonn, Germany 40Dept of Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Warsaw, Poland. 41Department of Dermatology and Allergy Centre, Odense University Hospital, Odense Research Center for Anaphylaxis (ORCA), Odense, Denmark. 42Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. 43Department of Geriatrics, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France. 44EA 2991, Euromov, University Montpellier, France. 45Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, IRCCS Fondazione Ca’Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. 46Argentine Association of Respiratory Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 47Division of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Barlicki University Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. 48Pediatric Department, University of Verona Hospital, Verona, Italy. 49Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. 50Second University of Naples and Institute of Translational Medicine, Italian National Research Council. 51Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, University of Sydney and Woolcock Emphysema Centre and and Sydney Local Health District, Glebe, NSW, Australia. 52Allergist, La Rochelle, France. 53Associate professor of clinical medecine, Laval’s University, Quebec city, Head of medecine department, Hôpital de la Malbaie, Quebec, Canada. 54Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Laval University, Québec City, Quebec, Canada. 55Centre Hospitalier Valenciennes, France. 56Head of Department of Clinical Pharmacy of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania. 57Institute of Lung Health, Respiratory Biomedical Unit, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicestershire, UK; Department of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK. 58Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, Division of Immunology and Allergy, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. 59Chief of the University Pneumology Unit- AOU Molinette, Hospital City of Health and Science of Torino, Italy. 60Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany. 61Pharmacist, Municipality Pharmacy, Sarno, Italy. 62University of Medicine and Pharmacy Victor Babes, Timisoara, Romania. 63Instituto de Pediatria, Hospital Zambrano Hellion Tec de Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico. 64Imperial College and Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK. 65Centro Medico Docente La Trinidad, CaRacas, Venezuela. 66Regional Director Assofarm Campania and Vice President of the Board of Directors of Cofaser, Salerno, Italy 67Service de pneumologie, CHU et université d’Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France. 68Department of Respiratory Diseases, Montpellier University Hospital, France. 69Imperial College London - National Heart and Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital NHS, London, UK. 70Federal University of Minas Gerais, Medical School, Department of Pediatrics, Belo Horizonte, Brazil 71Assitant Director General, Montpellier, Région Occitanie, France. 72Mayor of Sarno and President of Salerno Province, Director, Anesthesiology Service, Sarno “Martiri del Villa Malta” Hospital, Italy. 73Allergy Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Vall d’Hebron & ARADyAL Spanish Research Network, Barcelona, Spain. 74Department of Paediatrics, Oslo University Hospital and University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. 75CEDOC, Integrated Pathophysiological Mechanisms Research Group, Nova Medical School, Campo dos Martires da Patria, Lisbon, and Serviço de Imunoalergologia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, EPE, Lisbon, Portugal. 76Regional Ministry of Health of Andalusia, Seville, Spain. 77Allergy and Asthma Associates of Southern California, Mission Viejo, CA, USA. 78ASA - Advanced Solutions Accelerator, Clapiers, France. 79Division of Allergy/Immunology, University of South Florida, Tampa, Fla, USA. 80Celentano pharmacy, Massa Lubrense, Italy. 81SOS Allergology and Clinical Immunology, USL Toscana Centro, Prato, Italy. 82Allergy and Immunology Laboratory, Metropolitan University Hospital, Branquilla, Columbia. 83Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands 84Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Chaoyang district, Beijing, China. 85School of Medicine, University CEU San Pablo, Madrid, Spain. 86David Tvildiani Medical University - AIETI Highest Medical School, David Tatishvili Medical Center Tbilisi, Georgia. 87Pulmonolory Research Institute FMBA, Moscow, Russia and GARD Executive Committee, Moscow, Russia. 88National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, UK. 89Specialist social worker, Sorrento, Italy. 90Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 91Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Medical Faculty, ENT Department, Eskisehir,Turkey. 92Medicine Department, IRCCS-Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria San Martino, Genoa, Italy. 93Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Enfermagem, Brazil. 94Plateforme Transversale d’Allergologie, Institut du Thorax, CHU de Nantes, Nantes, France. 95LANUA International Healthcare Consultancy, Northern Ireland, UK. 96Innovación y nuevas tecnologías, Salud Sector sanitario de Barbastro, Barbastro, Spain. 97Innovation and Research Office, Department of Health and Social Solidarity, Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy. 98Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; ICVS/3B’s, PT Government Associate Laboratory, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal. 99Guadalarara, Mexico. 100FIMMG (Federazione Italiana Medici di Medicina Generale), Milan, Italy. 101UCIBIO, REQUINTE, Faculty of Pharmacy and Competence Center on Active and Healthy Ageing of University of Porto
(Porto4Ageing), Porto, Portugal. 102Mexico City, Mexico. 103IMT Mines Alès, Unversité Montpellier, Alès, France. 104Department of Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Davie, University of Miami Dept of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA. 105Regional Director Assofarm Campania and Vice President of the Board of Directors of Cofaser, Salerno, Italy. 106ProAR – Nucleo de Excelencia em Asma, Federal University of Bahia, Brasil and WHO GARD Planning Group, Brazil. 107Centre for Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, University of Manchester and University Hospital of South Manchester, Manchester, UK. 108Medical Consulting Czarlewski, Levallois, France. 109The Centre for Allergy Research, The Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 110Azienda Provinciale per i Servizi Sanitari di Trento (APSS-Trento), Italy. 111Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. 112Sleep Unit, Department of Neurology, Hôpital Gui-de-Chauliac Montpellier, Inserm U1061, France. 113Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; ZAUM-Center for Allergy and Environment, Helmholtz Center Munich, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany. 114Allergy Division, Chest Disease Department, University Hospital of Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France. 115EFA European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations, Brussels, Belgium 116AQuAS, Barcelna, Spain & EUREGHA, European Regional and Local Health Association, Brussels, Belgium 117Policlínica Geral do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro – Brasil 118Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy. 119Peercode BV, Geldermalsen,The Netherlands. 120Social workers oordinator, Sorrento, Italy. 121Federal University of the State of Rio de Janeiro, School of Medicine and Surgery, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 122Allergology and Immunology Discipline, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. 123Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 124Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Respiratoire UPRES EA220, Hôpital Foch, Suresnes, Université Versailles Saint-Quentin, Université Paris Saclay, France. 125Farmacie Dei Golfi Group, Massa Lubrense, Italy. 126Rangueil-Larrey Hospital, Respiratory Diseases Department, Toulouse, France. 127University Clinic of Pulmology and Allergy, Medical Faculty Skopje, R Macedonia. 128Mexico City, Mexico. 129Service de Pneumo-Allergologie, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Béni-Messous, Algiers, Algeria. 130Clinic of infectious, chest diseases, dermatology and allergology, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania. 131Allergy and Clinical Immunology National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, UK. 132Guy’s and st Thomas’ NHS Trust, Kings College London, UK. 133Section of Allergy and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA. 134Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Unit, Children’s Hospital, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. 135Department of Computing Science, Umeå University, Sweden and Four Computing Oy, Finland. 136Clinic of Children’s Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania. 137University of São Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo, Brazil 138Andalusian Agency for Healthcare Quality, Seville, Spain. 139Global Allergy and Asthma Platform GAAPP, Vienna, Austria. 140Division of Allergy, Department of Pediatric Medicine - The Bambino Gesù Children’s Research Hospital Holy see, Rome, Italy. 141Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Amsterdam, University Medical Centres, AMC, Amsterdam the Netherlands. 142CINTESIS, Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal and MEDIDA, Lda, Porto, Portugal 143Allergist, Reims, France. 144Hospital general regional 1 “Dr Carlos Mc Gregor Sanchez Navarro” IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico. 145Regional hospital of ISSSTE, Puebla, Mexico. 146National Center for Disease Control and Public Health of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia. 147Guadalarara, Mexico. 148Allergy Clinic, National Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Mexico City, Mexico. 149Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Istambul,Turkey. 150Allergology unit, UHATEM “NIPirogov”, Sofia, Bulgaria. 151Medical University, Faculty of Public Health, Sofia. 152Allergy and Immunology Division, Clinica Ricardo Palma, Lima, Peru. 153Department of Internal Medicine, section of Allergology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. 154Allergy & Asthma Unit, Hospital San Bernardo Salta, Argentina. 155Allergy Clinic, Hospital Regional del ISSSTE ‘Lic. López Mateos’, Mexico City, Mexico. 156Head and Professor, Centro Regional de Excelencia CONACYT y WAO en Alergia, Asma e Inmunologia, Hospital Universitario , Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey NL, Mexico. 157Center of Allergy and Immunology, Georgian Association of Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Tbilisi, Georgia. 158Latvian Association of Allergists, Center of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Riga, Latvia. 159Federal District Base Hospital Institute, Brasília, Brazil. 160Institute of Health Policy and Management iBMG, Erasmus University, Rotterdam, The Netherlands 161University Hospital Olomouc – National eHealth Centre, Czech Republic. 162Immunology and Allergy Division, Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile. 163Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. 164Centich : centre d’expertise national des technologies de l’information et de la communication pour l’autonomie, Gérontopôle autonomie longévité des Pays de la Loire, Conseil régional des Pays de la Loire, Centre d’expertise Partenariat Européen d’Innovation pour un vieillissement actif et en bonne santé, Nantes, France. 165Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico. 166Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. 167Hospital General Regional 1 “Dr. Carlos MacGregor Sánchez Navarro” IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico. 168Université Paris-Sud; Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Bicêtre; Inserm UMR_S999, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France. 169Dipartimento di medicina, chirurgia e odontoiatria, università di Salerno, Italy. 170Division for Health Innovation, Campania Region and Federico II University Hospital Naples (R&D and DISMET) Naples, Italy. 171Servicio de Alergia e Immunologia, Clinica Santa Isabel, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 172President, Libra Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 173Medical University of Gdańsk, Department of Allergology, Gdansk, Poland. 174Airway Disease Infection Section, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College; MRC & Asthma UK Centre in Allergic Mechanisms of Asthma, London, UK. 175Dept of Respiratory Medicine, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium. 176Hallym University College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. 177Department of Clinical Immunology, Wrocław Medical University, Poland. 178Ukrainina Medical Stomatological Academy, Poltava, Ukraine. 179Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Unit, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. 180Hacettepe University, School of Medicine, Department of Chest Diseases, Immunology and Allergy Division, Ankara, Turkey. 181Allergy Centre, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. 182First Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. 183Institute of Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, and Institute for Clinical Epidemiology and Biometry, University of Wuerzburg, Germany. 184Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Health
Sciences Centre 3V47, West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 185National Research Center, Institute of Immunology, Federal Medicobiological Agency, Laboratory of Molecular immunology, Moscow, Russian Federation. 186GARD Chairman, Geneva, Switzerland. 187Allergy & Asthma Center Westend, Berlin, Germany. 188Center for Rhinology and Allergology, Wiesbaden, Germany. 189Department of Immunology and Allergy, Healthy Ageing Research Center, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland. 190Children’s Hospital and University of Helsinki, Finland. 191Centre for Clinical Research Sörmland, Uppsala University, Eskilstuna, Sweden. 192Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania. 193Department of Prevention of Envinronmental Hazards and Allergology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. 194Center of Excellence in Asthma and Allergy, Médica Sur Clinical Foundation and Hospital, México City,, Mexico. 195Presidente CMMC, Milano, Italy. 196Head of the Allergy Department of Pedro de Elizalde Children’s Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 197University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hochiminh City, Vietnam. 198Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. 199Sifmed, Milano, Italy. 200State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Diseases, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China. 201Departments of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics (Divisions of Allergy and Immunology), University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Germantown, TN, USA. 202Scottish Centre for Respiratory Research, Cardiovascular & Diabetes Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Ninewells Hospital, University of Dundee, UK. 203Oslo University Hospital, Department of Paediatrics, Oslo, and University of Oslo, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Oslo, Norway. 204Department of Pulmonary Medicine, CHU Sart-Tilman, and GIGA I3 research group, Liege, Belgium. 205Faculty of Health Sciences and CICS – UBI, Health Sciences Research Centre, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal. 206Department of Philosophical, Methodological and Instrumental Disciplines, CUCS, University of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Mexico. 207Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Rashid Hospital, Dubai, UAE. 208Biomax Informatics AG, Munich, Germany. 209Director Gerneral for Health and Social Care, Scottish Government, Edinburgh, UK. 210Department of Respiratory Medicine, University of Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia. 211Coimbra Institute for Clinical and Biomedical Research (iCBR), Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Portugal; Ageing@Coimbra EIP-AHA Reference Site, Coimbra, Portugal. 212Medical center Iskar Ltd Sofia, Bulgaria. 213Department of Medicine (RCSI), Bon Secours Hospital, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 214Kronikgune, International Centre of Excellence in Chronicity Research Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain 215Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Laboratory of Behavioral Immunology Research, The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, USA. 216Tobacco Control Research Centre;Iranian Anti Tobacco Association, Tehran, Iran. 217Argentine Association of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 218Mexico City, Mexico. 219University of Southeast Bahia, Brazil. 220Allergie-Centrum-Charité at the Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany 221Maputo Central Hospital--Department of Paediatrics, Mozambique. 222Veracruz, Mexico. 223Sachs’ Children and Youth Hospital, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm and Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. 224Allergy and Asthma Medical Group and Research Center, San Diego, California, USA. 225CIRFF, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. 226Department of Physiology, CHRU, University Montpellier, Vice President for Research, PhyMedExp, INSERM U1046, CNRS UMR 9214, France. 227Croatian Pulmonary Society. 228National Institute of Pneumology M Nasta, Bucharest, Romania. 229Clinic for Pulmonary Diseases, Clinical Center of Serbia, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbian Association for Asthma and COPD, Belgrade, Serbia. 230Regione Piemonte, Torino, Italy. 231Col Jardines de Sta Monica, Tlalnepantla, Mexico. 232National Center for Research in Chronic Respiratory Diseases, Tishreen University School of Medicine, Latakia, Syria. 233Department of Public health and health products, Paris Descartes University-Sorbonne Paris Cité, EA 4064 and Paris Municipal Department of social action, childhood, and health, Paris, France. 234Paris municipal Department of social action, childhood, and health, Paris, France. 235Lead Respiratory Physician Mater Dei Hospital Malta, Academic Head of Dept and Professor of Medicine University of Malta, Deputy Dean Faculty of Medicine and Surgery University of Medicine, La Valette, Malta. 236Department of Medical Sciences, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit, University of Torino & Mauriziano Hospital, Torino, Italy. 237Instituto de Prevision Social IPS HC, Socia de la SPAAI, Tesorera de la SLAAI, Asuncion, Paraguay. 238Allergy Center, CUF Descobertas Hospital, Lisbon, Portugal. 239Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 240Institute of Medical Statistics, and Computational Biology, Medical Faculty, University of Cologne, Germany and CRI-Clinical Research International-Ltd, Hamburg, Germany. 241General Pathology Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Portugal; Ageing@Coimbra EIP-AHA Reference Site, Coimbra, Portugal. 242Federal University of Bahia, Brazil. 243Rhinology Unit & Smell Clinic, ENT Department, Hospital Clínic; Clinical & Experimental Respiratory Immunoallergy, IDIBAPS, CIBERES, University of Barcelona, Spain. 244Danish Commitee for Health Education, Copenhagen East, Denmark. 245Food Allergy Referral Centre Veneto Region, Department of Women and Child Health, Padua General University Hospital, Padua, Italy. 246Director, Medical Communications Consultant, MedScript Ltd, Dundalk, Co Louth, Ireland and Honorary Research Fellow, OPC, Cambridge, UK Ireland. 247Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. 248General Manager of COFASER - Pharmacy Services Consortium, Salerno, Italy. 249Scientific Centre of Children’s Health under the MoH, Moscow, Russian National Research Medical University named Pirogov, Moscow, Russia. 250Director of Center of Allergy, Immunology and Respiratory Diseases, Santa Fe, Argentina Center for Allergy and Immunology, Santa Fe, Argentina. 251Dept of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical University of Vienna, AKH, Vienna, Austria. 252Hospital of the Hospitaller Brothers in Buda, Budapest, Hungary. 253Die Hautambulanz and Rothhaar study center, Berlin, Germany. 254Neumología y Alergología Infantil, Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. 255Center for Health Technology and Services Research - CINTESIS and Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Sao Joao, Porto, Portugal. 256Caisse d’assurance retraite et de la santé au travail du Languedoc-Roussillon (CARSAT-LR), Montpellier, France. 257Director of Department of Pharmacy of University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy. 258ENT Department, University Hospital of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo. 259Department of Allergy, Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, Alfred Hospital and Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Immunology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 260Medical center “Research expert”, Varna, Bulgaria. 261National Hospital Organization, Tokyo National Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. 262Dept of Otorhinolaryngology, Chiba University Hospital, Chiba, Japan. 263Dept of Otolaryngology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. 264Jalisco, Guadalarara. 265Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Pédiatrique Charles de Gaulle, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. 266Dept of Comparative Medicine; Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine and Medical University, Vienna, Austria.
267Department of Immunology and Allergology, Faculty of Medicine and Faculty Hospital in Pilsen, Charles University in Prague, Pilsen, Czech Republic. 268Division of Infection, Immunity & Respiratory Medicine, Royal Manchester Children’s Hospital, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK, and Allergy Department, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, Athens General Children’s Hospital “P&A Kyriakou,” University of Athens, Athens, Greece. 269Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, South Korea. 270Respiratory Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy. 271Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, Ospedale Policlino San Martino -University of Genoa, Italy. 272Farmacias Holon, Lisbon, Portugal. 273Department of Pediatrics, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. 274University of Southern Denmark, Kolding, Denmark. 275Université Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire HP2, Grenoble, INSERM, U1042 and CHU de Grenoble, France. 276Allergy Unit, CUF-Porto Hospital and Institute; Center for Research in Health Technologies and information systems CINTESIS, Universidade do Porto, Portugal. 277Sociologist, municipality area n33, Sorrento, Italy. 278Center for Rhinology and Allergology, Wiesbaden, Germany. 279Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Universitätsmedizin Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany. 280Centre for empowering people and communites, Dublin, UK. 281Conseil Général de l’Economie Ministère de l’Economie, de l’Industrie et du Numérique, Paris, France. 282Société de Pneumologie de Langue Française, Espace francophone de Pneumologie, Paris, France. 283Département de pédiatrie, CHU de Grenoble, Grenoble France. 284Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus. 285Children’s Hospital Srebrnjak, Zagreb, School of Medicine, University J.J. Strossmayer, Osijek, Croatia. 286Karl Landsteiner Institute for Clinical and Experimental Pneumology, Hietzing Hospital, Vienna, Austria. 287University Hospital ‘Sv. Ivan Rilski’”, Sofia, Bulgaria. 288Allergy Diagnostic and Clinical Research Unit, University of Cape Town Lung Institute, Cape Town, South Africa. 289Vice-Presidente of IML, Milano, Italy. 290Centre of Academic Primary Care, Division of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United Kingdom ; Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore. 291Department of Otorhinolaryngology University of Crete School of Medicine, Heraklion, Greece. 292European Forum for Research and Education in Allergy and Airway Diseases (EUFOREA), Brussels, Belgium. 293Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. 294LungenClinic Grosshansdorf, Airway Research Center North, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Grosshansdorf, Germany Department of Medicine, Christian Albrechts University, Airway Research Center North, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Kiel, Germany. 295Department of Nephrology and Endocrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 296Farmácia São Paio, Vila Nova de Gaia, Porto, Portugal. 297St Vincent’s Hospital and University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. 298Puebla, Mexico. 299Serviço de Pneumologia-Hosp das Clinicas UFPE-EBSERH, Recife, Brazil. 300Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 301Centre of Pneumology, Coimbra University Hospital, Portugal. 302Polibienestar Research Institute, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. 303Pediatric Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Hospital Angeles Pedregal, Mexico City, Mexico. 304Getafe University Hospital Department of Geriatrics, Madrid, Spain. 305Association Asthme et Allergie, Paris, France. 306Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 307Primary Care Respiratory Research Unit Institutode Investigación Sanitaria de Palma IdisPa, Palma de Mallorca, Spain. 308Allergy Unit, Presidio Columbus, Rome, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome and IRCCS Oasi Maria SS, Troina, Italy. 309Mexico City, Mexico. 310Regione Piemonte, Torino, Italy. 311Medical University of Graz, Department of Internal Medicine, Graz, Austria. 312Serviço de Imunoalergologia Hospital da Luz Lisboa Portugal. 313Hospital de Clinicas, University of Parana, Brazil. 314Division of Allergy Asthma and Clinical Immunology, Emek Medical Center, Afula, Israel. 315Honorary Clinical Research Fellow, Allergy and Respiratory Research Group, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. 316Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. 317Association of Finnish Pharmacies. 318Allergy and Clinical Immunology Department, Centro Médico-Docente la, Trinidad and Clínica El Avila, Caracas, Venezuela. 319Faculty of Medicine, Autnonous University of Madrid, Spain. 320The Royal National TNE Hospital, University College London, UK. 321DIBIMIS, University of Palermo, Italy. 322Allergy Unit, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland. 323Asthma Reference Center, Escola Superior de Ciencias da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Vitoria - Esperito Santo, Brazil. 324THe Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. 325Department of Pediatrics & Child Health, Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. 326INSERM, Université Grenoble Alpes, IAB, U 1209, Team of Environmental Epidemiology applied to Reproduction and Respiratory Health, Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble, France. 327Sociedad Paraguaya de Alergia Asma e Inmunologı´a, Paraguay. 328Division of Allergy, Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. 329European Health Futures Forum (EHFF), Dromahair, Ireland. 330ENT, Aachen, Germany. 331Kyrgyzstan National Centre of Cardiology and Internal medicine, Euro-Asian respiratory Society, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. 332University Hospital Olomouc, Czech Republic. 333Department of Paediatric and Adolescent medicine, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, Paediatric Research Group, Deptarment of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway. 334Presidente, IML (Lombardy Medical Initiative), Bergamo, Italy. 335Pulmonary Division, Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital da Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 336Public Health Institute of Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania. 337Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro - Brazil 338RNSA (Réseau National de Surveillance Aérobiologique), Brussieu, France. 339The Hospital for Sick Children, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada. 340Imunoalergologia, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de Coimbra and Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Portugal. 341Department of ENT, Medical University of Graz, Austria. 342Campania Region, Division on Pharmacy and devices policy, Naples, Italy. 343Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hvidovre Hospital & University of Copenhagen, Denmark. 344Universidade Federal dos Pampas, Uruguaiana, Brazil. 345Division of Immunopathology, Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center for Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. 346Pneumology and Allergy Department CIBERES and Clinical & Experimental Respiratory Immunoallergy, IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Spain. 347Vilnius University Institute of Clinical Medicine, Clinic of Children’s Diseases, and Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Vilnius, Lithuania; European Academy of Paediatrics (EAP/UEMS-SP), Brussels, Belgium. 348Department of Lung Diseases and Clinical Immunology Allergology, University of Turku and Terveystalo allergy clinic, Turku, Finland. 349PELyon; HESPER 7425, Health Services and Performance Resarch - 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350Immunology and Allergy Unit, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet and University Hospital, Stockholm. 351Department of Chest Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire UCL Namur, Université Catholique de Louvain, Yvoir, Belgium. 352University of Bari Medical School, Unit of Geriatric Immunoallergology, Bari, Italy. 353Pulmonary Unit, Department of Medical Specialties, Arcispedale SMaria Nuova/IRCCS, AUSL di Reggio Emilia, Italy. 354FILHA, Finnish Lung Association, Helsinki, Finland. 355Pulmonary Environmental Epidemiology Unit, CNR Institute of Clinical Physiology, Pisa, Italy ; and CNR Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology “A Monroy”, Palermo, Italy. 356Medical University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. 357Sotiria Hospital, Athens, Greece. 358Dept of Otorhinolaryngology, Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf, Germany. 359Asthma UK, Mansell street, London, UK. 360Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. 361Department of Otolaryngology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. 362Department of Medicine, Clinical Immunology and Allergy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. 363Division of Immunodermatology and Allergy Research, Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. 364Department of Medicine Solna, Immunology and Allergy Unit, Karolinska Institutet and Department of ENT diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. 365Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 366International Primary Care Respiratory Group IPCRG, Aberdeen, Scotland. 367Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Bradford, UK. 368Allergologyst - Medical College of Medical Faculty, Thracian University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria. 369Department of Research, Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. 370Cyprus International Institute for Environmental & Public Health in Association with Harvard School of Public Health, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus; Department of Pediatrics, Hospital “Archbishop Makarios III”, Nicosia, Cyprus. 371Celal Bayar University Department of Pulmonology, Manisa, Turkey. 372The Allergy and Asthma Institute, Pakistan. 373Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross Children’s Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. 374Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing TongRen Hospital and Beijing Institute of Otolaryngology, Beijing, China. 375Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina. 376University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia. 377Gesundheitsregion KölnBonn - HRCB Projekt GmbH, Kohln, Germany. 378Akershus University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Akershus, Norway.
SBA reports personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, GSK, AstraZeneca, TEVA, grants from TEVA, MEDA outside the submitted work. JB reports personal fees and other from Chiesi, Cipla, Hikma, Menarini, Mundipharma, Mylan, Novartis, Sanofi-Aventis, Takeda, Teva, Uriach, other from Kyomed, outside the submitted work. AAC reports grants and personal fees from GlaxoSmithKline, personal fees from Boehrinher Ingelheim, personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Novartis, personal fees from Merk, Sharp & Dohma, personal fees from MEDA Pharma, personal fees from EUROFARMA, personal fees from Sanofi Aventis, outside the submitted work. MD reports other from Allergan, outside the submitted work. WF reports grants from Meda, outside the submitted work. TH reports personal fees from Mundipharma, Novartis, and Orion Pharma, outside the submitted work. JJ reports grants and personal fees from novartis, ALK abello, personal fees from thermofischer, astra zeneca outside the submitted work. PK reports personal fees from Adamed, Boehringer Ingelheim, AstraZeneca, Chiesi, FAES, Berlin Chemie, Novartis, Polpharma, Allergopharma, outside the submitted work. VK has received payment for consultancy from GSK and for lectures from Stallergens, Berlin-CHemie outside the submitted work. DLL reports personal fees from GSK, Astrazeneca, MEDA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Grunenthal, UCB, Amstrong, Siegfried, DBV Technologies, MSD, Pfizer, grants from Sanofi, Astrazeneca, Novartis, UCB, GSK, TEVA, Chiesi, Boehringer Ingelheim, outside the submitted work. RM reports personal fees from ALK, grants from ASIT biotech, Leti, BitopAG, Hulka, Ursapharm, Optima; personal fees from allergopharma, Nuvo, Meda, Friulchem, Hexal, Servier, Bayer, Johnson&Johnson, Klosterfrau, GSK, MSD, FAES, Stada, UCB, Allergy Therapeutics; grants and personal fees from Bencard, Stallergenes; grants, personal fees and non-financial support from Lofarma; non-financial support from Roxall, Atmos, Bionorica, Otonomy, Ferrero; personal fees and non-financial support from Novartis. NP reports personal fees from Novartis, Faes Farma, BIOMAY, HAL, Nutricia Research, Menarini, Novartis, MEDA, Abbvie, MSD, Omega Pharma, Danone, grants from Menarini, outside the submitted work. JLP reports grants from Air Liquide Foundation, AGIR à dom, Astrazeneca, Fisher & Paykel, Mutualia, Philips, Resmed, Vitalaire, other from AGIR à dom, Astrazeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Jazz Pharmaceutical, Night Balance, Philips, Resmed, Sefam, outside the submitted work. OP reports grants and personal fees from ALK-Abelló, Allergopharma, Stallergenes Greer, HAL Allergy Holding B.V./HAL Allergie GmbH, Bencard Allergie GmbH/Allergy Therapeutics, Lofarma, Biotech Tools S.A., Laboratorios LETI/LETI Pharma, Anergis S.A., grants from Biomay, Nuvo, Circassia, Glaxo Smith Kline, personal fees from Novartis Pharma, MEDA Pharma, Mobile Chamber Experts (a GA2LEN Partner), Pohl-Boskamp, Indoor Biotechnologies, grants from, outside the submitted work. AMTB reports grants and personal fees from Novartis, Boehringer Ingelheim, Mundipharma, GSK (GlaxoSmithKline), personal fees from Teva Pharma, AstraZeneca, grants from Leti, outside the submitted work. SW reports personnal fees from Merck, GSK, Novartis, Behring, Shire, Sanofi, Barid Aralez, Mylan Meda, Pediapharm outside the submitted work.
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