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Clinical and Translational Allergy

Open Access

Ability to successfully use an epinephrine auto-injector after switching to a different device

  • Robert Boyle1,
  • Annabella Procktor1,
  • Katherine Phillips1,
  • Camila Pinto1,
  • Heather Hanna1 and
  • Thisanayagam Umasunthar1
Clinical and Translational Allergy20155(Suppl 3):P5

Published: 30 March 2015


Public HealthSuccess RateEpinephrineSpecific DeviceDevice Switch


Patients previously prescribed one epinephrine auto-injector device may be switched to an alternative device by their pharmacist or physician - sometimes without training on the new device. It is unclear whether “device switches” without retraining compromise the ability to deliver epinephrine.


We evaluated mothers of food-allergic children participating in a UK study of epinephrine auto-injectors (EAI), 1 year after they were first trained to use an EAI, either Anapen or Epipen (old design). Participants' ability to deliver epinephrine using their device was assessed using a simulated anaphylaxis scenario. Participants then underwent repeat assessment using a different EAI device, randomly allocated, without training on the new device. The UK-approved EAIs Epipen (new/old designs), JEXT or Anapen were used, or Intelliject, an EAI with audio/visual prompts approved in North America as AuviQ(tm) and AllerjectTM. ISRCTN29175528


We evaluated ability to deliver epinephrine in 108 participants. Overall success rates were similar using their original EAI 68/108 (63%) to the new device 65/108 (60%; P=0.775). However the outcome differed significantly for different types of device switch. Success rates were lower when switching between Anapen and either old Epipen, new Epipen or JEXT (6/18; 33%) compared with switching from old Epipen to either new Epipen or JEXT (30/42; 71%; P<0.009). Success rates were highest when switching from Anapen or old Epipen to Intelliject (26/28; 93%) compared with switching to other EAIs (39/80; 49%; P=0.000).


The safety of EAI device switches varies according to the specific device. Switches to Intelliject appear to be safer than other forms of device switch.

Authors’ Affiliations

Imperial College London, London, UK


© Boyle et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.