Is allergy to peanuts and nuts a predictive factor for asthma development?
© Zivanovic and Atanaskovic-Markovic; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 30 March 2015
Food allergy is an immunologically mediated adverse reaction to food. Peanuts and nuts are common cause of food allergy in both children and adults, and clinical picture may be serious and life threatening. This type of food allergy persists for entire life, while cross-reactivity is not uncommon due to homology among most nut allergens.
The aim of this paper was to determine the significance of peanut and nuts allergy in asthma development.
Material and methods
The aim of the research was analyzed on a sample of 208 children aged between 6 months and 6 years who were evaluated to food allergens. Each child underwent skin prick test, prick to prick test and specific IgE testing.
The total sample included 105 boys and 103 girls. Peanut allergy was present in 37 (17.79%) and nuts allergy in 32 (15.38%) of children. Positive family history to atopy was present in 52% and positive personal history in 54% of cases. Asthma developed in 30 (81.08%) children allergic to peanuts and 24 (75%) children allergic to nuts.
Peanut allergy is a predictive factor for asthma development; however, the effects of positive personal and family history must not be underestimated.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.