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HLA-B*15:02 genotype associated with hypersensitivity syndrome to lamotrigine in Thai population
© Koomdee et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 18 July 2014
Lamotrigine is a commonly used in psychiatric patients. The aims of this study were to determine the possible associations of lamotrigine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome with the HLA-B alleles in Thai patients. HLA-B*58:01 allele was also observed in Han Chinese patients with epilepsy and lamotrigine-induced SCARs (severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions).
A total of 133 patients, including 11 patients with lamotrigine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (MPE; maculo-papular exanthema, SJS; Stevens-Johnson syndrome and TEN; toxic epidermal necrolysis), 9 lamotrigine-tolerant controls and 113 healthy controls were included in this study. HLA-B genotyping was performed. This case-control study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Ramathibodi Hospital.
HLA-B*15:02 allele was present in 27.3% (3/11) of Thai patients with lamotrigine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome but in only 11.1% (1/9) of lamotrigine-tolerant controls and 13.2% of 113 healthy controls (P-value <0.05). Other HLA-B allele, including HLA-B*58:01 was observed in a case group.
Our results support the hypothesis that HLA-B*15:02 contribute to the genetic susceptibility to lamotrigine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome and may be valuable as potential biomarkers for prediction lamotrigine-induced hypersensitivity syndrome in Thai population. A major limitation of this study was the size of the sample available for the analysis. Confirmation of these results in a larger, independent sample is needed.
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