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P92 - The prevalence of food sensitisation in children suffering from eczema

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Background

Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a highly pruritic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Food allergy has been strongly correlated with the development of persistence of atopic dermatitis.

Aim of the study

To investigate the association of food allergy in Greek children with atopic dermatitis.

Patients and methods

Eighty-eight (88) children with eczema (59 boys and 29 girls) aged between 12 months and 6 years were studied. All the children underwent allergological investigation with assignment of specific IgE antibodies (Elisa Method) to the following food allergens: α- lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin, casein, milk proteins, egg white, egg yolk, beef, soy, wheat, and cod.

Results

Food sensitization occurred in 39 out of 88 children (44,3%). The frequency distributions for elevated specific IgE antibodies to various food allergens in children with eczema are shown in the following Table (Table 1).

Table 1 Frequency distributions of food sensitization in children with eczema

Conclusions

Food sensitization has a high prevalence of almost 44% among children with eczema.

Milk proteins are the most common food allergens implicated in children with eczema (27.25%), followed by egg white (22.21%), a-lactalbumin (21.2%), egg yolk (12.11%), β-lactalbumin (10.9%) and wheat (8.7%).

Beef, soy and cod fish are less common food allergens in children with eczema.

Author information

Correspondence to Agathi Karagiannidou.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Frequency Distribution
  • Dermatitis
  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Food Allergy