Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Severe allergic symptoms to peach are a risk factor for severe symptoms to other plant food allergens

  • Ambra Mascheri1,
  • Joseph Scibilia1,
  • Laura Farioli2,
  • Chrysi Stafylaraki1,
  • Valerio Pravettoni3,
  • Marta Piantanida3,
  • Laura Primavesi3,
  • Corrado Mirone1,
  • Michele Nichelatti4,
  • Alessandro Marocchi2 and
  • Elide Anna Pastorello1
Clinical and Translational Allergy20111(Suppl 1):P79

https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-P79

Published: 12 August 2011

Keywords

Food AllergySkin Prick TestFood ChallengeMajor AllergenAllergy Severity

Background

The hypersensitivity reactions to plant-food allergens may consist of oral allergic symptoms (OAS) only or OAS plus systemic symptoms up to anaphylaxis. Currently there is great interest in evaluating the risk factors for developing the more severe and systemic reactions.

Objective

A group of 148 peach allergic patients, recruited in a ongoing clinical study (Clinical Trials.gov, protocol ID NCT00715156) aimed at studying the relationship between the clinical manifestations to peach and the positivity to different peach major allergens (Pru p 3, 1 and 4), were divided into 2 groups according to peach induced symptoms: group A (mild-OAS; 76 pts) and group B (severe-OAS with systemic symptoms, 72 pts). These patients were examined to see if severe allergic symptoms to peach were a risk factor for developing severe symptoms to other plant foods allergens.

Methods

We investigated the type of reaction to peach and to other foods by means of a clinical questionnaire and confirmed their allergy with open food challenge (fresh fruits and vegetables) or double blind challenge (maize, rice and wheat) and, when necessary, double blind challenge + exercise. In all the patients we performed skin prick test, prick-prick with natural food, and IgE-specific levels for all the considered plant-food allergens and for the following recombinant allergens Pru p 1, 3, 4, Bet v 1, 2 and 4. Then we compared all the reported parameter between the two groups.

Results

In general there was a significant association between patients belonging to group B (severe peach induced symptoms-OAS) and having severe symptoms to many of the other tested plant food allergens. Moreover for the majority of these foods, the IgE positivity to rPru p 3 resulted to be a biological marker of food allergy severity.

Conclusions

This study suggests that patients with severe allergic symptoms to peach have a major risk of presenting severe allergic symptoms to other plant-food allergens.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Allergology and Immunology Unit, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy
(2)
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy
(3)
Clinical Allergy and Immunology Unit, Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy
(4)
Niguarda Cà Granda Hospital, Center for Clinical Research, Milan, Italy

Copyright

© Mascheri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement