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  • Open Access

It is a real hazelnit allergy? The CCD interference

  • Antonio Nicola Romeo1 and
  • Giuseppe Menna1
Clinical and Translational Allergy20111(Suppl 1):P71

https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-P71

Published: 12 August 2011

Keywords

AsthmaMast CellAdverse ReactionInflammatory MediatorSkin Test

Bacground

Cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCD) are carbohydrates chains in glycoproteins. Capable of binding human IgE from allergic they could play a role in the cross-reactivity between allergens from unrelated sources; their function still a matter of debate.

Objective

Pollen is the most important cause of the production of IgE anti-CCD. Which have been described in trees and herbs. We investigated the relationship between clinical anaphylaxis to hazelnut and the sierological positivity to nuts allergen, grasses and role of interference by anti-CCD IgE.

Methods

A six year old twins, atopic risk, father suffering from pollen asthma, reported by parents adverse reaction (Sampson, 2003 1st -2 nd grade) to hazelnut at first assumption.

Results

Skin tests positive for nuts and grasses, no mite high RAST positivity for grasses, over 100 KUI/L, Alternaria 34 KUI/L, Phl-1 83,1KUI/L, Alt a-1- 43KUI/L, Cor a8 negative, Nuts negative, MUFXF3 ( CCD) 2.83 U/ml. Food Challenge after 1 year: negative, Now allergic rhinithis.

Conclusion

IgE anti-CCD should not be able to connect mast cells and basophils and release inflammatory mediators. Patients with IgE restricted to CCD have not clinical symptoms. CCD can be considered as a potential interference in atopic diagnosis; especially in polisensitized. It 's important to provide clinical information to laboratory test. IgE -anti CCD create a misdiagnosis of allergies to foods, latex or venom, especially in pollinosis This can lead to unnecessary therapy.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
ISS -State Hospital - San Marino Republic (RSM), Pediatrics, Borgo Maggiore, San Marino

References

  1. Iacovacci P, Pini C, Afferni C, Barletta B, Tinghino R, Schininà E, Federico R, Mari A, Di Felice G: A monoclonal antibody specific for a carbohydrate epitope recognizes an IgE-binding determinant shared by taxonomically unrelated allergenic pollens. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001, Department of Immunology, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, V. la Regina Elena, 299, I-00161 Rome, Italy, 31 (3): 458-65. 10.1046/j.1365-2222.2001.01019.x.Google Scholar

Copyright

© Romeo and Menna; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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