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Management of cow’s milk protein allergy in primary care
Clinical and Translational Allergy volume 1, Article number: P40 (2011)
The incidence of Cow's Milk Protein Allergy ( CMPA ) is increasing in the United Kingdom. However, many practitioners in primary care are unsure about its diagnosis and management. There is usually a lag period of a few months, between the first presentation of children with CMPA to their General Practitioner ( GP ), and referral to an Allergist. Enfield area comprises a middle-class, and relatively affluent population of London.
To identify the factors that influence CMPA primary care management and referral practice, in Enfield area in London.
A web-based questionnaire was completed by 46 General Practitioners in Enfield area, in January, 2010.
87% of the respondents felt that children with suspected CMPA, should be seen by an Allergist within 4 weeks from the date of referral. 54.3% of the GPs said that they referred children to a Paediatric Allergist, after a trial of extensively hydrolysed or aminoacid formula milk. The most popular milk substitutes in primary care in Enfield are Nutramigen (60.9%), Soya milk (52.2%), Neocate (47.8%) and Peptijunior (17.4%). 82.6% GPs said they prescribe Epipen (Adrenaline autoinjector) for life threatening allergic symptoms. With regards to referral to a Paediatric Dietitian, 34.8% GPs said they refer less than 25% cases of CMPA, whereas 43.5% GPs refer over 75% children with CMPA. GPs got information about management of CMPA primarily from Paediatricians (71.7%), while a significant number also accessed journals (52.2%) and the internet (50.0%).
The management of CMPA in primary care in Enfield is not consistent, and dependent upon the individual GPs. We have initiated the formulation and dissemination of a local guideline, to enable practitioners in primary care to refer children with suspected CMPA to the Allergy clinic.
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Bakshi, D., Pollock, I. Management of cow’s milk protein allergy in primary care. Clin Transl Allergy 1, P40 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-P40
- Primary Care
- General Practitioner
- Allergic Symptom
- Formula Milk