Volume 1 Supplement 1

Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Meeting 2011

Open Access

Expression, purification and crystallization of wheat profilin (Tri a 12)

  • Margit Cichna-Markl1,
  • Peter Forstenlechner2,
  • Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber2,
  • Dalibor Milić3,
  • Dubravka Matković-Čalogović3 and
  • Christina Ecker1
Clinical and Translational Allergy20111(Suppl 1):P4

https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-1-S1-P4

Published: 12 August 2011

Wheat profilin, designated Tri a 12, has recently been found to be recognized by specific IgE antibodies in patients suffering from bakers' asthma, wheat induced food allergy and also in patients with grass pollen allergy. Since profilin sequences are highly conserved among plants, individuals who are sensitized to profilin commonly show allergic symptoms to a large number of unrelated plants. Knowledge about the three dimensional structure of these allergenic proteins is necessary to gain information on the surface structure required to predict cross-reactivity. However, in contrast to other plant profilins, the three dimensional structure of Tri a 12 has not been resolved yet.

In the present study Tri a 12 was expressed in E. coli and purified from the soluble fraction by affinity chromatography. The molecular weight and the structural integrity of the recombinant protein were verified by mass spectrometry and circular dichroism, respectively. Recombinant Tri a 12 showed intact secondary structures of mixed alpha helices and beta sheet elements characteristic for members of the profilin protein family. This well characterized batch of purified recombinant wheat profilin was then used for crystallization.

Crystallization conditions were screened with the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method. The best crystals of wheat profilin with maximal dimensions between 0.1 and 0.3 mm were observed after one week at 290 K for reservoir solutions containing 3.2-3.7 mol L-1 sodium formate and 50 mmol L-1 HEPES–NaOH buffer, pH = 7.5. A data set diffracting to a resolution of 3.3 Å was collected in-house from a single crystal. The crystals belonged to space group P3221, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 58.9 Å, c = 82.5 Å, α = β = 90° and γ = 120°. Model building and refinement of the crystal structure, as well as further optimization of crystal diffraction quality is under way.

Declarations

Acknowledgements

This work was in part funded by the EC through the EuroPrevall project (FOOD-CT-2005-24 514000), by CEEPUS CII-HU-0010-04-0910 and by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports of the Republic of Croatia (Grant No. 119-1193079-1084).

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Vienna
(2)
Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Medical University of Vienna
(3)
Laboratory of General and Inorganic Chemistry, University of Zagreb

Copyright

© Cichna-Markl et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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