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Table 4 Association of eczema phenotypes with combined asthma and physician-diagnosed allergy groups in children at age 10 years

From: Eczema phenotypes and risk of allergic and respiratory conditions in school age children

 Asthma, but no allergy
n = 97
Allergy, but no asthma
n = 413
Asthma and allergy
n = 140
Never eczemaReferenceReferenceReference
Ever eczema5.83 (3.49, 9.74)4.03 (3.17, 5.11)8.98 (5.89, 13.69)
NeverReferenceReferenceReference
Early transient5.36 (3.07, 9.36)3.68 (2.67, 5.08)7.11 (4.33, 11.67)
Mid-transient1.37 (0.45, 4.19)2.21 (1.47, 3.32)4.31 (2.33, 7.99)
Late transient2.94 (1.47, 5.89)1.76 (1.18, 2.64)3.48 (1.88, 6.44)
Persistent5.23 (1.55, 17.63)10.02 (5.92, 16.96)29.03 (15.27, 55.22)
  1. Values are odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) from logistic regression models for never/ever eczema and average odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) from multinomial regression models after multiple sampling based on 150 imputed datasets for eczema phenotypes. Reference group is no asthma and no allergy (n = 3627). n = number of participants with information on at least 3 eczema measurements. Missing data on asthma and physician-diagnosed allergy was imputed. Full models were adjusted for parental history of allergy, asthma or eczema, maternal education, parity, child’s sex, ethnicity and breastfeeding. Italic values indicate statistical significance at the α = 0.05 level