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Table 2 Gliadin concentrations in serum at baseline and at the peak (pg/ml) after each intervention

From: Cofactors of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis do not increase highly individual gliadin absorption in healthy volunteers

Proband Basal gliadin level Gluten Gluten + PPI Gluten + ASA Gluten + alcohol Gluten + aerobic exercise Gluten + anaerobic exercise Mean (P) (n = 6)3
(pg/ml) (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1 (min)2 (pg/ml)1
P1 15 1161 30 1538 60 664 30 568 60 754 45 767 120 909ACD
P2 57 1535 90 1559 90 1686 120 1153 120 1184 45 1019 30 1356CD
P3 306 1318 15 1289 30 1511 15 1237 60 1522 120 1727 120 1434D
P4 141 2084 15 737 90 855 30 1130 15 971 45 1491 60 1211CD
P5 306 1137 15 898 30 574 30 738 15 755 30 762 90 811ABC
P6 121 777 30 384 90 452 30 669 15 569 45 583 30 572AB
P7 90 549 60 622 15 139 60 234 90 382 15 594 15 420A
P8 26 425 30 625 60 560 15 298 15 469 15 1113 30 582AB
P9 184 715 90 857 60 694 120 722 60 942 30 1729 90 943ABCD
P10 250 946 30 1183 90 1029 60 1366 30 1177 15 844 15 1091BCD
P11 160 957 30 1091 60 1038 120 1319 30 1252 90 1359 120 1169CD
P12 186 565 60 1374 30 1257 60 1117 120 1468 90 1767 15 1258CD
Median 151 952   995   775   928   957   1066   
Mean (I)4 154 1014A   1013A   872A   879A   954A   1146A   
SEM 26 137   111   130   113   109   131   
  1. Values in italics designate the highest peak gliadin concentration for each proband
  2. ASA acetyl salicylic acid, PPI proton pump inhibitor, SEM standard error of the mean
  3. 1Peak gliadin concentration; 2time when peak gliadin concentration is reached; 3mean (P) designates the mean peak gliadin concentration of all six interventions per proband displayed per row. Different superscript capital letters indicate significant differences between means (P) of probands (two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s test, p < 0.001); 4mean (I) designates the mean peak gliadin concentration of all twelve probands per intervention displayed per column. There were no significant differences between means (I) (two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s test, p = 0.208), which is why all values are marked with the same superscript capital letter