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Genome wide gene expression analysis of nasal mucosa from patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis stimulated with staphylococcal enterotoxin B

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Colonization of the nasal mucosal with Staphylococcus aureus and the production of superantigenic enterotoxins by the bacteria are crucial amplifying factors of the pro-inflammatory mechanisms operating in chronic upper airways diseases such as chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis.


Nasal polyp tissue from 10 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis/nasal polyposis and inferior turbinate from 8 healthy subjects were obtained fragmented and cultured in presence and absence of S. aureus enterotoxin B (0.5µg/ml) for 24 hours. Then total RNA was isolated, transcribed to cDNA and used for microarray analysis using the Affymetrix Human Gene 2.1 ST Array. Data was then corrected and differentially expressed genes were selected according to the corrected P value < 0.05 and a change fold higher than 2. Pathway overrepresentation analysis was then performed in each group of genes.


The number of genes showing differential expression between nasal polyp and control tissues as well as the genes and pathways differentially regulated after stimulation with S. aureus enterotoxin B in each of the groups is described in Table 1.


We demonstrated that S. aureus enterotoxin B may influence important pathways linked to T-cell receptor, interferon signalling and adaptative immune response.

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Correspondence to Claudina Perez Novo.

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  • Staphylococcus Aureus
  • Adaptative Immune Response
  • Airway Disease
  • Nasal Mucosa
  • Nasal Polyp