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  • Oral presentation
  • Open Access

The potential role of NF-kB activation and synthesis of pro-inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of allergic contact dermatitis induced by thiuram

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 3 and
  • 4
Clinical and Translational Allergy20155(Suppl 1):O22

https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-5-S1-O22

Published: 11 March 2015

Keywords

  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy
  • Reactive Oxygen Species Generation
  • Contact Dermatitis
  • Danger Signal

Among the various substances known to cause occupational allergic contact dermatitis, additives to rubber, especially thiurams are regarded as the most important class of contact allergens. It has been suggest that in the sensitization phase of contact hypersensitivity hapten application induces strong innate immune mechanisms, causing the release of danger signals as reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and activation of NF-êB leading to IL-1β and other cytokine release. To investigate whether pro-oxidative properties of thiuram might be involved in immunogenic mechanisms we analyzed of ROS generation, activation of NF-êB, expression of IL-1â in murine macrophages model. Murine macrophages were treated by non-toxic concentrations of thiuram which induced oxidative stress as was demonstrated by increased production of ROS, especially superoxide anion. Laser scanning confocal microscopy revealed translocation of p65 subunit of NF-êB from cytoplasm to nucleus characteristically for activation NF-êB. The consequence of NF-êB activation was the increase of IL-1â production. These results indicate that thiuram induces changes characteristic for inflammation therefore it can be supposed that they participate in the pathogenesis of allergic contact dermatitis induced by thiuram.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
(2)
Department of Biochemistry, Medical Uniwersity of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
(3)
Department of Biochemistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland
(4)
Department of Immunodermatology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland

Copyright

© Kowalewski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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