Component resolved diagnosis in baker's asthma
© Gómez-Casado et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 17 March 2014
Baker's asthma is one of the most common types of occupational asthma and its prevalence is increasing in the last years. Diagnosis of occupational asthma is complex. The poor specificity of current diagnostic approaches may be associated with insufficient purity of wheat extracts or lack of inclusion of major allergens in them. In this work, we use microarray technology to characterize the allergenic profiles of baker's asthma patients from three regions in Spain and to analyze the influence of other environmental allergens on the sensitization pattern.
A panel of wheat allergens was purified from natural sources and printed on a protein microarray by standard methods. Additionally, representative aeroallergens were included in the protein microarray. Individual sera from three groups of patients (baker's asthma-BA-, seasonal rhinitis-SR- and wheat food allergy-WFA-) and three regions in Spain (Madrid, Malaga and Valladolid) were incubated with the protein microarray and compared.
WTAI-CM16 and Tri a 14 were the most prevalent allergens in the BA group (54 and 45%, respectively), covering a total of 64% of the BA population. Patients with seasonal rhinitis (SR) were not sensitized to wheat allergens. Tri a 14, the wheat LTP, was only recognized by BA patients. Although geographically different environmental allergenic load existed in the three regions, BA sensitization profiles were comparable.
Baker's asthma is a disease associated with the daily handling of wheat flour, regardless of local aeroallergens.
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