- Poster discussion presentation
- Open Access
PD42 - Is rituximab a trigger for persistent hypogammaglobulinemia in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome?
© Trujillo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
- Published: 28 February 2014
- Nephrotic Syndrome
- Primary Immunodeficiency
- Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome
- Nephrotic Patient
- Nephrotic Proteinuria
Rituximab (RTX) is a monoclonal antibody; recently it has been use as a new treatment strategy in patients with high-degree steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome. It provokes a lymphocyte B depletion in some cases that interacts with Immunoglobulins creating decreased plasma IgG levels and hypogammaglobulinemia.
We report the case of a 2.5 year old male diagnosed of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. He presented resistance to systemic steroids as well as second line treatments (cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate). Patient started with intravenous infussion of rituximab at 375mg/m2. Baseline analysis before RTX treatment evidenced low IgG levels, although these values are not conclusive because they were taken during nephrotic state. Twenty days later, the patient presented severe hypogammaglobulinemia with IgG levels of 149 mg/dL, without nephrotic proteinuria. We decided to start intravenous gammaglobulin (IVIG) every 4-6 weeks. Analysis showed low levels of lymphocytes (predominantly B type) four days after initiated the treatment. Follow up demonstrated complete recovery of lymphocyte count two years later. After 3 years of RTX administration the patient continues to have hypogammaglobulimenia, requiring IVIG until now.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.