Skip to main content

Advertisement

P95 - Cow’s milk allergy with tolerance to sterilised cow’s milk. A case report

Article metrics

  • 489 Accesses

Introduction

Allergy to cow's milk (CM) proteins has as major allergens caseins (60%), β-lactoglobulin (9%) and α-lactalbumin (4%). Thermal processes for milk industrialization include: pasteurization (low: 63 ° C for 30 min or High: 72 ° C for 15 seconds), UHT heating (145 ° C for 1-2s) and sterilization (115 ° C for 15 min).It’s accepted that these processes denature milk proteins in different proportions without having an effect on antigenicity or allergenicity.

Case report

A 2 years old boy, exclusively breastfed up to 3 months and then fed with adapted infant formula with good tolerance until 18 months. Referred by his pediatrician with suspected CM allergy because of immediate perioral erythema and pruritus after consumption of milk and some dairy products (yoghurt) during the 2 last months. However, he tolerates a sterilized cow’s milk and cheese. He hadn’t got any concomitant systemic symptoms like dyspnea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Skin test were performed: CM (5mm), α-lactalbumin (24mm), β-lactoglobulin (11mm), casein (20mm), sterilized milk (SM) (3mm), pasteurized milk(PM) (11mm), UHT milk (UM)(9mm). Histamine (6mm) and Saline (0mm). Provocation test with yoghurt: Positive (cervicofacial urticaria).

SM, PM and UM extracts were analysed using SDS-PAGE and immunoblooting with patient’s serum and with a pool of sera from CM allergic patients. Patient's serum recognized a band of about 13 kDa (molecular weight described for the alpha-lactalbumin( 14 kDa) in the UM and PM, but not in sterilized milk.

Comments

The patient has a primary sensitization to α-lactalbumin protein fraction of cow´s milk. According to our study, this fraction is not recognized by the patient in sterilized milk so we conclude that, in contrast to the accepted, this method of treatment do alters the structure of at least this fraction of the milk which decreasing its allergenicity. We cannot demonstrate this with other industrial processes.

Author information

Correspondence to Liseth Villafana.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Keywords

  • Diarrhea
  • Histamine
  • Dairy Product
  • Urticaria
  • Skin Test