Volume 4 Supplement 1

3rd Pediatric Allergy and Asthma Meeting (PAAM)

Open Access

P86 - Magnesium sulphate in the management of severe asthma and atelectasis

  • Davendralingam Sinniah1
Clinical and Translational Allergy20144(Suppl 1):P141

https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-4-S1-P141

Published: 28 February 2014

Introduction

Magnesium sulphate (MS), causes bronchodilation by inhibiting bronchial smooth muscle contraction, interferes with parasympathetic stimulation, and prevents acetylcholine release to axon terminals [1]. It reduces inflammation by inhibiting mast cell degranulation and reduces thromboxane, histamine and leukotrienes [2]. Some pediatric studies suggest that MS, b-2-agonists and steroids are beneficial in acute moderate/severe asthma by reducing hospitalization and absolute risk [3].

Objectives

This paper 1) reviews the randomized controlled trials in the literature on use of MS in asthma and 2) reports the dramatic resolution of massive pulmonary atelectasis in an asthmatic child within 2 hours of IV MS.

Case Report

A 5-year-old boy with past asthma presented with rapidly progressing asthma unrelieved by prednisolone and multiple doses of salbutamol, ipratropium bromide. Examination revealed tachypnea, tachycardia, chest recession, tracheal tug, right tracheal deviation, dullness and decreased breath sounds in right lower chest and wheezing in other areas. Percutaneous Spo2 was 86% (room air) and 95% with oxygen 5 L/minute. WBC 27.3 x 10^9/L, neutrophils 25.7 x 10^9/L, lymphocytes 1.1 x19^9/L. CRP was 11.6 (<10mg/L). Chest x-ray confirmed atelectasis of right middle and lower lobes. Antibiotics were started followed by IV methylprednisone (1 mg/kg), aminophylline (10 mg/kg bolus), and MS (50 mg/kg). Chest findings normalized within 2 hours. Spo2 improved to 95% on 2 L oxygen/minute. Medication was discontinued save for salbutamol PRN, oral prednisolone (1 mg/kg/day), and MDI fluticasone 50 mcg (BD). On day 2, the child was active and playful. Chest examination and repeat chest x-ray were normal.

Conclusion

Review of literature and dramatic resolution of asthma-related massive atelectasis following intravenous MS in our case establishes MS as an adjunct to standard therapy in patients with severe, acute asthma including atelectasis.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
International Medical University Clinical School Seremban

Copyright

© Sinniah; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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