Skip to main content

PD13 - Gender differences in rhinitic children

Gender differential effects on rhinitis are infrequently studied.

Aim of our study is to assess gender differences in host and environmental characteristics and in rhinitis severity level within the IBIM Pulmonary and Allergy Pediatric Clinic. A series of rhinitic (R) patients (September 2011 - May 2013) were investigated through standardized questionnaire and spirometry. Statistical analyses were performed with SPSS.

Preliminary results refer to 122 R patients: 77 males (M) (63.1%) and 45 females (F) (36.9%); age (years): 9.23 ± 3.42M vs 9.38 ± 3.02F; maternal history of rhinitis: 45.5%M vs 32.3%F (p<0.090); exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy:15.6%M vs 2.2%F (p<0.021); exposure to passive smoke: 49.4%M vs 33.3%F (p<0.086); exposure to only current maternal smoke: 24.7%M vs 11.1%F (p<0.070); current exposure to pet: 31.2%M vs 15.6%F (p<0.057); exclusive breast feeding (4mos): 33.8%M vs 53.3%F (p<0.034); BMI (Kg/m2):18.98±3.99M vs 17.95±2.94F (p<0.133); being overweight: 39%M vs 24.4%F (p<0.083). After stratifying by presence/absence of asthma, in those with R only (57, 46.7%): 42%M vs 53.3%F (p<0.267);VAS (mean±s.d.): 8.18±1.46 M vs 7.60±1.71F (p<0.099); PSQI (mean±s.d.): 2.33±1.53M vs 1.44±0.73F (p<0.009); FVC (%Pred) (mean±s.d.): 98.14±10.51M vs 103.27±7.83F (p<0.068); in those with rhinitis and asthma (RA, 65. 53.3%): 57.1%M vs 46.7%F (p<0.267); asthma severity level: intermittent, 32.5%M vs 11.1%F (p<0.008); moderate persistent, 9.1%M vs 15.6%F (p<0.063); rhinitis severity level: mild persistent 33.8% RA vs 17.5% R-only (p<0.041);VAS (mean±s.d.): 6.91±1.57 M vs 8.50±1.68F (p<0.010); food allergy 36.4%M vs 4.8%F (p<0.008).

In conclusion, we have shown in a consecutive series of rhinitic patients that male gender is mainly associated with more frequent exposure to environmental and parental risk factor, burden of disease, pulmonary function tests and co-morbididy, but also with less severe rhinitis level. Further analyses on a larger series of pediatric patients are needed in order to assess the impact of gender differences on rhinitis management.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Stefania La Grutta.

Rights and permissions

Open Access  This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ferrante, G., Malizia, V., Tornatore, M. et al. PD13 - Gender differences in rhinitic children. Clin Transl Allergy 4, P13 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-7022-4-S1-P13

Download citation

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Gender Difference
  • Rhinitis
  • Food Allergy
  • Asthma Severity