O07 - Phenotypes of atopic dermatitis depending on the timing of onset and the evolution in childhood
© Roduit et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 28 February 2014
Atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory, pruritic skin disease that often occurs in early infancy with a chronic course. However, the description of different subtypes of atopic dermatitis, depending on the timing of onset and the evolution of the disease in early childhood, is lacking.
To identify different phenotypes of atopic dermatitis, using the symptoms in the first 6 years of life from a prospective study, and whether they differ in their association with parental allergic status and prenatal farm-related exposures.
1045 children who participated in the birth cohort study, Protection Against Allergy-Study in Rural Environments (PASTURE), were included in the current study. Symptoms of atopic dermatitis were reported by parents from birth to 6 years of age by yearly questionnaires and defined as an intermittent or persistent itchy rash on typical locations. We used longitudinal latent class analysis (LCA) to identify different phenotypes of atopic dermatitis symptoms in childhood based on the first 6 years of life.
The LCA model with the best fit to PASTURE data was a model with 4 classes. Therefore, we could determine 4 phenotypes of atopic dermatitis symptoms, defined as follow: never or infrequent (894, 85.6 %), early-transient (52, 5.0 %), early-persistent (55, 5.3%), and late (44, 4.2%). The parental history of allergies was strongly associated with the early-persistent phenotype. Maternal contact to pets (cat or dog) during pregnancy showed a significantly protective effect only on the early-persistent phenotype. A same tendency was observed with prenatal contact to farm animals, even though not significant. However, maternal consumption of farm milk during pregnancy showed a protective effect, only on the early-transient phenotype of atopic dermatitis symptoms.
Using latent class analysis, 4 different phenotypes of atopic dermatitis symptoms were identified. The association between prenatal exposures and atopic dermatitis symptoms were different depending on the phenotypes of atopic dermatitis.
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