Design of dendrimeric structures to treat allergic disorders
© Blazquez et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 25 July 2013
Polymers containing immunogenic peptides bonded to dendrimeric structures have been developed to be used for vaccines in cancer, infectious diseases, and allergy. Our aim is to design a dendrimeric structure containing Ole e 1 and CpG, in order to modulate an allergic immune response towards Th1, in an experimental model of anaphylaxis.
C56BL/6 mice were sensitized by intranasal administration of olive extract+cholera toxin B, for 6 weeks. Then, mice received immunotherapy (IT) treatment by subcutaneous (sc) injection of dendrimer-Ole1±50 mg of CpG, for 8 weeks. Seven days after the IT, mice were challenged with 100 mg of olive extract (ip). Severity of anaphylaxis was measured by drop in body temperature and the humoral response by ELISA.
Olive sensitized mice treated with the dendrimer-Ole1 without CpG developed a drop in body temperature similar to anaphylactic mice (35.02±1.39 vs 34.48±0.82, respectively), indicating that Ole e 1 within a dendrimeric structure is recognized in vivo. On the other hand, 8 weeks after immunotherapy, mice receiving the dendrimer-Ole1+CpG were significantly protected from the development of systemic anaphylaxis (37.18±1.58 vs 34.48±0.82, p‹0.05, respectively). IgE and IgG2a levels decreased after 1-2 weeks of treatment and remained stable over the time; however IgG1 levels were normal.
Our results indicate that the dendrimer-Ole1 is recognized in vivo. Furthermore, we show that sc administration of dendrimer-Ole1+CpG protects sensitized mice from the onset of anaphylaxis, and the decrease in IgE levels during the IT treatment may be responsible from that protection.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.