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Hypoallergenic allergen derivatives of Pru p 3 for immunotherapy of IgE-mediated peach allergy

Background

IgE-mediated allergy to peach represents a frequent cause of severe anaphylactic reactions in Mediterranean countries. Pru p 3, a nonspecific lipid transfer protein (LTP) from peach, was identified as an important elicitor of IgE-mediated food hypersensitivity reactions to peach. Specific immunotherapy is currently the only allergen-specific and disease-modifying treatment of allergies, but has so far not been applied to food allergic patients due to the high risk of IgE-mediated side effects. Hypoallergenic Pru p 3 derivatives have therefore been constructed in order to minimize side-effects, but these molecules were not immunogenic in animal models.

Methods

Two recombinant Pru p 3-derivatives were developed based on the Pru p 3 amino acid sequence, by introduction of point mutations, or rearrangements of Pru p 3 fragments and oligomerization. Genes encoding the resulting Pru p 3 derivatives were cloned into the expression vector pET27b and expressed in Escherichia coli. The proteins were purified by affinity chromatography and analyzed by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. IgE-reactivity was tested by dot blot analysis and immunogenicity was investigated by immunization of rabbits.

Results

Expression of the two recombinant Pru p 3 derivatives in Escherichia coli yielded high amounts of recombinant proteins. They were purified to homogeneity and exhibited a strongly reduced IgE-reactivity when exposed to sera of peach allergic patients. Upon immunization of rabbits the Pru p 3 derivatives induced a robust IgG antibody response specific for natural Pru p 3.

Conclusion

The reported recombinant hypoallergenic Pru p 3 derivatives are candidates for specific immunotherapy of peach allergic patients.

Disclosure of interest

B Linhart: None declared, A Gstoettner: None declared, C Gamez: None declared, I Swoboda: None declared, A Mari: None declared, N Papadopoulos: None declared, R Valenta: Grant/research support from Biomay AG, Vienna, Austria.

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by a research grant from Biomay AG, Vienna, Austria.

Author information

Correspondence to B Linhart.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Lipid Transfer Protein
  • Specific Immunotherapy
  • Vector pET27b
  • Food Hypersensitivity
  • Expression Vector pET27b