Nasal allergen provocation test in nasal polyposis with and without allergy
© Calus et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 16 July 2013
CRSwNP is characterised by eosinophilic inflammation and local IgE production. The amount of local tissue IgE in CRSwNP is independent of the atopic status and serum IgE of the patient. Moreover patients with CRSwNP and pollen allergy do not show prominent symptoms during season.
Four groups of patients (n=48) underwent nasal allergen provocation test for grass pollen. We included 12 patients with allergic rhinitis based on grass allergy, 12 patients with CRSwNP without grass allergy, 12 patients with CRSwNP with grass allergy, and 12 control patients. The diagnosis of grass allergy was based on skin prick test and RAST. The test was positive based on change in nasal airflow measured by active anterior rhinomanometry and symptoms. In annex, VAS scores were performed before and after NAPT.
The nasal allergen provocation test was positive in 19 % of the patients with CRSwNP without allergy and in 54% of the patients with CRSwNP with allergy. In contrast 100% of the patients with allergic rhinitis developed a positive provocation test, whereas in the control group 8% of the patients developed a positive provocation test. CRSwNP without allergy did not show a significant increase in VAS scores of complaints. In contrast, allergic rhinitis patients and CRSwNP patients with grass allergy developed a significant increase in nasal obstruction and nasal drip. However, in allergic CRSwNP patient the symptoms after provocation were significantly lower compared to AR patients.
This suggests that local IgE present in these patients are functional after allergen provocation with grass pollen. However there is a reduced reactivity after grass pollen stimulation in CRSwNP compared to allergic rhinitis. This reduced reactivity is most likely due to the polyclonality of local IgE or IgG4 blocking activity in CRSwNP.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.