Influence of physical activity in asthmatic children
© Tancredi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 3 May 2013
Aim of the study
This preliminary study investigated the influence of physical activity levels on lung function tests, exercise test and differences of preparticipation screening (noncompetitive or competitive) in asthmatic children and controls.
We compared functional respiratory testing in 72 asthmatic children (mean age 11.4±2.6 years) and in 70 healthy subjects (mean age 12.5±2.5 years). Each group was divided in 2 subgroups using a physical activity level cut-off (< 2 or > 3 hours spent for week), that way generating 4 study groups: asthmatic trained children, non asthmatic trained children, trained controls, non trained controls. We investigated type of preparticipation screening (noncompetitive or competitive) and functional characterizes. All subjects underwent a maximal treadmill exercise test, determining maximal oxygen uptake by indirect method, metabolic equivalents and exercise time, and performed spirometry pre and post exercise.
No significant differences were found on spirometry between asthmatic children and controls. Exercise testing showed, respectively for controls and asthmatic subjects, metabolic equivalents 15.2±2.7; 13.0±2.7 (p<0.0001); maximal oxygen uptake 52.2±9.9; 44.6±8.7 ml/kg/min (p<0.0001); exercise time 12.1±2.2; 10.5±2.4 min (p<0.0001). Competitive screening preparticipation was performed in 45.7% of controls and 22.2% of asthmatic subjects, noncompetitive screening in 54.3% of controls and 77.8% of asthmatic children (p<0.003).
Physical activity influences exercise parameters (exercise time, METS, VO2max) in asthmatic children: asthmatic trained children, with asthma controlled, have functional parameters better than non trained controls and similar to trained controls.
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