Skip to main content

Table 3 Modulation of the pollen matrix composition and allergenicity by air pollutants

From: Initiating pollen sensitization – complex source, complex mechanisms

  Plant family Plant species Increase in allergen expression level Increased PALM release Increased reactivity in SPT
Tree Betulaceae White birch (Betula verrucosa) Ozone [151], air pollutants and bacteria [48] Traffic-related air pollution [153], air pollutants & bacteria [48] Ozone [151]
Platanaceae Oriental plane tree (Platanus orientalis) Traffic-related air pollution [148]   
Grass Poaceae Timothy grass (Phleum pratense) Traffic-related air pollution [153] Traffic-related air pollution [153]  
Poaceae Rye grass (Lolium perenne) Ozone [149]   
Weed Asteraceae Short ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) Ozone [150]   
Asteraceae Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)   Traffic-related air pollution [153]  
  1. PALMs pollen-associated lipid mediators, SPT skin prick test