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Table 3 Prevalence of self-reported symptoms for different foods, according to sex and age distribution (%)

From: Prevalence of food hypersensitivity in relation to IgE sensitisation to common food allergens among the general adult population in West Sweden

Food Total (95% CI) Men Women p value Age
17–30 31–45 46–60 > 60 p test for trends
Any of the below 32.5 (29.6–35.4) 24.7 39.1 < 0.001 38.6 40.6 36.9 19.1 < 0.001
Additives 0.4 (0.0–0.8) 0.0 0.7 0.128 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.3 0.373
Almond 3.7 (2.5–4.8) 2.1 5.1 0.013 4.1 6.3 4.2 0.9 0.007
Anise/caraway 0.2 (–0.1–0.5) 0.0 0.4 0.502 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.691
Apple 8.4 (6.7–10.1) 6.3 10.3 0.024 11.8 12.6 9.1 3.0 < 0.001
Apricot 1.7 (0.9–2.5) 1.5 2.0 0.637 1.4 2.7 1.6 1.2 0.443
Avocado 0.8 (0.2–1.3) 0.8 0.7 1.000 0.7 1.6 1.0 0.0 0.139
Banana 1.3 (0.6–2.0) 0.8 1.8 0.280 1.4 2.7 1.3 0.3 0.066
Bean 1.8 (1.0–2.6) 0.8 2.7 0.035 2.1 2.0 2.6 0.9 0.372
Beef 0.4 (0.0–0.8) 0.2 0.5 0.629 0.0 0.0 1.3 0.0 0.693
Brazil nut 4.2 (3.0–5.4) 2.9 5.3 0.085 4.1 6.0 5.6 1.5 0.053
Camomile 0.6 (0.1–1.0) 0.2 0.9 0.226 1.4 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.061
Carrot 3.1 (2.0–4.1) 2.1 3.9 0.105 3.4 6.3 2.9 0.6 0.003
Cayenne/red pepper 1.6 (0.9–2.4) 1.5 1.8 0.808 0.7 2.0 2.3 1.2 0.899
Cheese 1.8 (1.0–2.6) 2.7 1.1 0.062 2.8 1.2 2.6 1.2 0.484
Cheesea 0.8 (0.0–0.0) 1.5 0.2 0.027 1.4 0.0 1.3 0.6 0.893
Chestnut 0.5 (0.1–0.9) 0.4 0.5 1.000 0.7 1.2 0.3 0.0 0.088
Chicken 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.845
Celery 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0.2 0.4 1.000 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.186
Cherry 3.1 (2.0–4.1) 2.9 3.2 0.858 3.4 5.5 3.3 0.9 0.013
Chili/tabasco 2.2 (1.3–3.1) 1.3 3.0 0.058 1.4 2.8 3.2 1.2 0.652
Chocolate 1.6 (0.9–2.4) 1.3 2.0 0.465 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.8 0.718
Coriander 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.842
Curry 1.0 (0.4–1.6) 0.8 1.1 0.760 0.7 0.8 1.6 0.6 0.976
Dried fruit 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0.0 0.5 0.254 0.0 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.834
Egg 1.3 (0.6–2.0) 0.6 2.0 0.102 2.1 1.6 1.0 1.2 0.422
Fish 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0.2 0.4 1.000 0.0 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.833
Flour (non wheat) 0.7 (0.2–1.2) 0.4 0.9 0.461 3.4 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.002
Flour (non wheat)b 0.0 (0.0–0.0) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Flour (wheat) 1.6 (0.9–2.4) 1.0 2.1 0.221 2.1 2.0 1.9 0.9 0.287
Flour (wheat)b 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.847
Fried/fat food 3.7 (2.5–4.8) 1.7 5.4 0.001 6.2 3.5 4.2 2.2 0.060
Hazelnut 8.9 (7.1–10.6) 6.7 10.8 0.280 6.9 12.3 11.0 5.1 0.109
Kiwi 7.3 (5.7–8.8) 2.9 11.0 < 0.001 10.5 11.0 6.9 3.3 < 0.001
Lingonberry 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.245
Melon 0.4 (0.0–0.8) 0.4 0.4 1.000 0.7 0.8 0.3 0.0 0.126
Milk 7.4 (5.8–9.0) 4.8 9.6 0.004 11.7 9.8 9.5 1.5 < 0.001
Milka 1.1 (0.4–1.7) 1.1 1.1 1.000 3.5 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.050
Nectarine 2.4 (1.5–3.3) 1.3 3.4 0.026 1.4 5.1 2.9 0.3 0.034
Others 3.6 (2.5–4.8) 2.5 4.6 0.071 2.7 5.9 3.2 2.7 0.328
Orange 2.9 (1.9–3.9) 1.0 4.5 0.001 1.4 2.1 3.6 1.2 0.224
Parsley 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0.2 0.4 1.000 0.7 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.060
Pea 0.7 (0.2–1.2) 0.2 1.1 0.132 1.4 0.8 1.0 0.0 0.098
Peach 3.2 (2.1–4.3) 2.9 3.4 0.725 4.2 5.5 2.0 2.1 0.036
Peanut 3.5 (2.4–4.6) 1.9 4.9 0.01 6.2 2.0 4.9 2.1 0.167
Pear 4.0 (2.8–5.2) 3.3 4.7 0.344 6.2 5.1 4.2 2.1 0.021
Plum 3.0 (2.0–4.0) 3.6 2.5 0.363 4.2 4.7 2.6 1.5 0.026
Poppy seed 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.445
Pork 0.6 (0.1–1.0) 0.0 1.1 0.034 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.0 0.274
Potato 1.6 (0.9–2.4) 1.0 2.1 0.221 2.1 3.9 1.3 0.0 0.003
Red meat 0.9 (0.3–1.4) 0.2 1.4 0.043 0.7 0.8 2.0 0.0 0.488
Salami 0.5 (0.1–0.9) 0.2 0.7 0.380 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.680
Sesame seed 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.246
Shellfish 3.5 (2.4–4.6) 2.5 4.3 0.127 2.1 4.3 3.6 3.4 0.789
Sour milk/yogurt 3.6 (2.4–4.7) 2.5 4.5 0.095 6.9 5.5 3.6 0.6 < 0.001
Sour milk/yogurta 0.6 (0.1–1.1) 0.6 0.5 1.000 2.1 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.059
Soy 0.3 (0.0–0.6) 0.0 0.5 0.254 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.183
Strawberry 2.7 (1.7–3.7) 1.0 4.1 0.003 2.1 4.7 3.2 0.9 0.091
Sunflower seed 0.1 (− 0.1–0.3) 0.0 0.2 1.000 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.843
Sweet pepper 2.1 (1.2–3.0) 0.6 3.4 0.002 2.1 2.4 3.2 0.9 0.363
Tomato 2.1 (1.2–3.0) 0.6 3.4 0.002 4.8 2.8 2.6 0.0 0.001
Walnut 4.9 (3.5–6.2) 3.8 5.8 0.147 6.3 6.7 5.2 2.4 0.020
Wine/beer 4.6 (3.4–5.9) 3.1 5.9 0.037 4.8 7.1 5.2 2.1 0.034
  1. Significant p values are marked with italic (p < 0.05)
  2. aLactose intolerance symptoms excluded
  3. bGluten intolerance symptoms excluded