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Table 3 Gliadin levels in serum expressed as areas under the curve (AUC) after each intervention

From: Cofactors of wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis do not increase highly individual gliadin absorption in healthy volunteers

Proband Gluten Gluten + PPI Gluten + ASA Gluten + alcohol Gluten + aerobic exercise Gluten + anaerobic exercise Mean (P) (n = 6)1
(area under the curve)
P1 55,562 123,910 54,048 48,029 69,791 30,625 63,661ABCD
P2 12,6888 158,897 83,468 80,954 81,162 85,541 102,818DEF
P3 12,9994 132,946 99,449 119,755 162,707 158,978 133,971F
P4 94,900 71,054 74,315 75,912 94,554 117,046 87,964CDE
P5 65,023 69,845 49,792 44,235 61,865 66,233 59,499ABC
P6 57,197 29,083 36,223 50,788 55,538 44,863 45,615AB
P7 55,415 27,179 10,154 22,164 36,063 30,860 30,306A
P8 37,965 54,002 38,267 22,756 27,404 27,652 34,674AB
P9 66,551 79,698 50,321 74,795 79,739 81,292 72,066BCDE
P10 48,213 101,761 93,939 67,814 79,805 129,075 86,768CDE
P11 89,426 80,983 89,920 124,277 123,449 129,796 106,308EF
P12 48,217 86,500 99,754 72,879 101,717 129,330 89,733CDE
Median 61,110 80,340 64,182 70,346 79,772 83,416  
Mean (I)2 72,946A 84,655A 64,971A 67,030A 81,149A 85,941A  
SEM 8845 11,499 8438 9351 10,705 13,359  
  1. Values in italics designate the highest AUC for each proband
  2. ASA acetyl salicylic acid, PPI proton pump inhibitor, SEM, standard error of the mean
  3. 1Mean (P) designates the mean AUC of all six interventions per proband displayed per row. Different superscript capital letters indicate significant differences between means (P) of probands (two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s test, p < 0.001); 2Mean (I) designates the mean AUC of all twelve probands per intervention displayed per column. There were no significant differences between means (I) (two-way ANOVA, Tukey’s test, p = 0.059), which is why all values are marked with the same superscript capital letter