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Table 4 Effect of asthma on anxiety, depression, quality of life and quality of sleep in seasonal allergic rhinitis patients

From: Severity of allergic rhinitis impacts sleep and anxiety: results from a large Spanish cohort

  Seasonal AR + ASTHMA
N = 210
Seasonal AR without Asthma n = 306 p value
HAD anxiety 6.9 ± 3.9 5.9 ± 3.6 *a
HAD anxiety > 11 20.3% 12.7% *b
HAD depression 4.8 ± 3.8 3.6 ± 3.1 **a
HAD depression > 11 9% 1.3% **b
ESPRINT Global 2.6 ± 1.3 2.6 ± 1.3 nsb
MOS-Sleep disturbance 63.4 ± 21 69.9 ± 19.4 **a
MOS-Sleep shortness of breath 70.5 ± 25.6 77.5 ± 25.5 *a
MOS Sleep index I 61.6 ± 19.4 66.5 ± 18.3 *a
MOS Sleep index II 61.9 ± 18.5 67.1 ± 17.3 *a
MOS Suboptimal sleep 46% 37.7% nsb
  1. Values expressed as mean ± SD. Comparison between groups (seasonal AR with vs without asthma) using at test and bFisher’s exact test. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤ 0.01; ns: not significant