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Table 3 Association between severity of asthma (asthma score) and fruit and vegetable intake in adults from GA2LEN

From: Is fruit and vegetable intake associated with asthma or chronic rhino-sinusitis in European adults? Results from the Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA2LEN) Survey

Fruit and vegetable groups Asthma score Effect size (β-coefficient (95% confidence intervals)
Unadjusted (n = 3206) Adjusted (n = 2945)
Fruits   
 Hard fruits 0.01 (−0.11, 0.14) n = 3196 −0.02 (0.15, 0.11) n = 2940
 Bananas 0.03 (−0.14, 0.21) n = 3187 0.04 (−0.19, 0.27) n = 2934
 Citrus fruits −0.05 (−0.19, 0.09) n = 3196 −0.03 (−0.18, 0.12) n = 2938
 Oily fruits 0.25 (0.02, 0.48) n = 3196 0.24 (0.01, 0.46) n = 2942
 Freshly squeezed fruit 0.16 (−0.03, 0.36) n = 3184 0.18 (−0.01, 0.38) n = 2930
 Berries −0.07 (−0.32, 0.19) n = 3159 −0.12 (−0.37, 0.13) n = 2907
 Nectarines 0.26 (−0.10, 0.62) n = 3197 0.16 (−0.33, 0.65) n = 2942
 Dried fruits 1.89 (3.36,0.42) n = 3190 2.34 (4.09,0.59) n = 2937
 Tropical fruits 0.13 (−0.31, 0.56) n = 3194 0.21 (−0.15, 0.55) n = 2940
 Canned fruits −4.62 (−6.50, −2.74) n = 3181 −5.66 (−11.4, 0.07) n = 2930
 Dark pigmented fruits −0.11 (−0.41, 0.19) n = 3201 −0.09 (−0.37, 0.19) n = 2944
 All fruits −0.03 (−0.16, 0.10) n = 3203 0.04 (−0.09, 0.17) n = 2944
 Nuts 0.21 (−0.12, 0.54) n = 3192 0.20 (−0.21, 0.61) n = 2935
Vegetables
 Leafy vegetables 0.11 (−0.04, 0.26) n = 3195 0.03 (−0.15, 0.22) n = 2937
 Fruity vegetables 0.16 (0.04, 0.28) n = 3202 0.17 (0.04, 0.30) n = 2942
 Cucurbitacea 0.07 (−0.10, 0.24) n = 3202 −0.02 (−0.22, 0.18) n = 2943
 Apiaceae 0.05 (−0.12, 0.21) n = 3204 0.05 (−0.09, 0.19) n = 2943
 Other root vegetables 0.13 (−0.08, 0.33) n = 3200 0.12 (−0.13, 0.37) n = 2942
 Maize/corn 0.41 (−0.12, 0.93) n = 3189 0.47 (−0.04, 0.98) n = 2936
 Alliums 0.27 (0.15, 0.39) n = 3203 0.23 (0.06, 0.40) n = 2944
 Brassicaceae 0.30 (0.01. 0.59) n = 3202 0.20 (−0.02, 0.41) n = 2943
 Potatoes 0.09 (−0.21, 0.38) n = 3194 0.002 (−0.24, 0.24) n = 2937
 Pickled vegetables −2.32 (−4.17, −0.47) n = 3175 −1.90 (−3.94, 0.14) n = 2924
 Legumes 2.10 (3.65,0.45) n = 3196 −1.98 (−4.13, 0.18) n = 2939
 All vegetables 0.12 (−0.001, 0.25) n = 3206 0.11 (−0.03, 0.25) n = 2945
  1. Italics indicate a statistically significant effect size