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Table 3 Prevalence of self-reported gastrointestinal symptoms for the different foods among asthmatics (asthma), non-asthmatics (no asthma) and in the total sample (all)

From: Self-reported adverse reactions and IgE sensitization to common foods in adults with asthma

Food % asthma % no asthma p Ratio
Hazelnut 13 5.2 < 0.001 2.51
Apple 11.4 6 < 0.001 1.91
Milk 10.4 5.7 0.001 1.84
Kiwi 9.7 5.3 0.002 1.82
Peach 8.3 2 < 0.001 4.11
Plum 6.75 2.2 < 0.001 3.02
Nectarine 6.7 1.3 < 0.001 5.27
Pear 6.4 2.4 < 0.001 2.63
Cherry 6.2 2.4 < 0.001 2.55
Walnut 5.9 3 0.006 1.99
Fried/fat food 5.7 3.3 0.026 1.73
Sour milk/yogurt 5.6 2.8 0.007 2.01
Almond 5.45 2.3 0.002 2.33
Brazil nut 5.3 2.6 0.008 2.06
Apricot 3.8 1.3 0.001 2.99
Sweet pepper 3.7 1.7 0.018 2.15
Cheese 3.5 1 0.001 3.27
Tomato 3.5 1.4 0.007 2.51
Strawberry 3.4 0.95 < 0.001 3.61
Peanut 3.3 1.7 0.045 1.95
Carrot 3.3 1.6 0.033 2.06
Others 3.1 1.7 0.074 1.83
Shellfish 3 1.2 0.013 2.53
Chili/tabasco 2.8 1 0.0075 2.90
Egg 2.8 1 0.008 2.89
Banana 2.7 0.95 0.008 2.88
Wine/beer 2.6 1.4 0.090 1.88
Bean 2.6 1.6 0.18 1.62
Potato 2.4 0.5 0.0015 4.52
Flour (wheat) 2.2 1.4 0.21 1.62
Avocado 2.2 0.4 0.001 5.27
Chocolate 1.9 0.85 0.074 2.24
Orange 1.9 1.4 0.43 1.38
Pea 1.9 0.3 0.002 5.95
Cheesea 1.6 0 < 0.001 -
Fish 1.55 0.1 < 0.001 14.61
Cayenne/red pepper 1.4 0.7 0.22 1.87
Soy 1.4 0.2 0.006 6.49
Milka 1.3 0.2 0.013 5.78
Melon 1.2 0.2 0.014 5.67
Flour (non wheat) 1.2 0.4 0.083 2.83
Sour milk/yogurta 0.9 0.1 0.021 8.26
Pork 0.9 0.4 0.28 2.02
Salami 0.7 0.2 0.15 3.25
Flour (wheat)b 0.7 0 0.011 -
Dried fruit 0.7 0.1 0.053 6.53
Celery 0.7 0.1 0.054 6.49
Curry 0.7 0.4 0.49 1.62
Sunflower seed 0.7 0 0.011 -
Chestnut 0.5 0.3 0.54 1.65
Additives 0.5 0.3 0.55 1.63
Flour (non wheat)b 0.5 0 0.027 -
Chicken 0.5 0 0.027 -
Anise/caraway 0.5 0 0.027 -
Beef 0.35 0.3 0.93 1.08
Camomile 0.3 0.1 0.31 3.25
Lingonberry 0.3 0.1 0.31 3.25
Sesame seed 0.3 0.1 0.31 3.24
Coriander 0.2 0.1 0.73 1.62
Parsley 0.2 0 0.20 -
Poppy seed 0.2 0 0.20 -
  1. P-value was considered significant when <0.05 comparing the self-reported intolerance for the different foods between asthmatics to non-asthmatics
  2. alactose intolerance symptoms excluded
  3. bgluten intolerance symptoms excluded