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Table 3 Overview of the vitamin and mineral supplementation: deficient intake in the whole cohort and those that received supplementation and the impact of the supplementation on dietary adequacy

From: A practical approach to vitamin and mineral supplementation in food allergic children

Nutrient Total number of children receiving supplements for each micronutrient Deficient intake without VMS (whole cohort) Deficient patients who were taking VMS § >200% RNI with VMS Adequate intake* with VMS Intakes < LRNI with VMS
Vitamin C 23 0% (0/110) N/A (0/0) 96% (22/23) 4% (1/23) 0% (0/23)
Vitamin A 22 10% (11/110) 9% (1/11) 59% (13/22) 41% (9/22) 0% (0/22)
Niacin 21 8% (9/110) 22% (2/9) 62% (13/21) 38% (8/21) 0% (0/21)
Vitamin B6 21 2% (2/110) 0% (0/2) 95% (20/21) 5% (1/21) 0% (0/21)
Thiamin 18 2% (2/110) 0% (0/2) 89% (16/18) 11% (2/18) 0% (0/18)
Calcium 18 9% (10/110) 30% (3/10) 44% (8/18) 50% (9/18) 6% (1/18)
Vitamin B12 17 1% (1/110) 100% (1/1) 94% (16/17) 6% (1/17) 0% (0/17)
Riboflavin 16 6% (7/110) 14% (1/7) 63% (10/16) 38% (6/16) 0% (0/16)
Vitamin D 25 60% (66/110) 27% (18/66) 16% (4/25) 44% (11/25) 40% (10/25)
Folate 12 3% (3/110) 0% (0/3) 67% (8/12) 33% (4/12) 0% (0/12)
Iron 10 7% (8/110) 0% (0/8) 40% (4/10) 60% (6/10) 0% (0/10)
Zinc 7 20% (22/110) 9% (2/22) 14% (1/7) 86% (6/7) 0% (0/7)
Copper 5 10% (11/110) 0% (0/11) 20% (1/5) 80% (4/5) 0% (0/5)
Selenium 3 11% (12/110) 0% (0/12) 67% (2/3) 33% (1/3) 0% (0/3)
  1. *Children that had > LRNI and < 200% of RNI were classified as having adequate intake.
  2. §This is the number of children from the whole cohort that had a deficient intake and were on a VMS.