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Table 1 Characteristics and physical activity of the participants by gender and asthma status

From: Physical activity in adults with controlled and uncontrolled asthma as compared to healthy adults: a cross-sectional study

  Men (n = 371) Women (n = 438) Total (n = 809)
  Healthy (n = 300) Controlled asthma (n = 59) Uncontrolled asthma (n = 12) Healthy (n = 306) Controlled asthma (n = 66) Uncontrolled asthma (n = 66) Healthy (n = 606) Controlled asthma (n = 125) Uncontrolled asthma (n = 78)
Age, years , median (IQR) 50.0 (28.0)* 36.0 (25.0)* 56.5 (15.0)* 55.00 (20) 50.00 (28) 53.50 (22) 53.0 (24)* 43.0 (28.0)* 54.0 (21.5)*
BMI, median (IQR) 25.4 (5.0) 24.7 (4.0) 27.6 (4.0) 24.67 (6) 24.98 (7) 26.26 (8) 25.1 (5) 24.9 (5.1) 26.6 (6.6)
SES, n (%)          
 High 26 (8.8) 10 (16.9) 2 (16.7) 15 (5.0) 4 (6.1) 1 (1.5) 41 (6.8) 14 (11.2) 3 (3.9)*
 Medium 238 (80.4) 45 (76.3) 7 (58.3) 224 (73.9) 56 (84.8) 49 (75.4) 462 (77.1) 101 (80.8) 56 (72.7)
 Low 32 (10.8) 4 (6.8) 3 (25.0) 64 (21.1) 6 (9.1) 15 (23.1) 96 (16.0) 10 (8.0) 18 (23.4)
Smoking, n (%)          
 Never 147 (49.0) 30 (50.8) 5 (41.7) 259 (84.6) 50 (75.8) 51 (77.3) 406 (67–0) 80 (64.0) 56 (71.8)
 Ever 153 (51.0) 29 (49.2) 7 (58.3) 47 (15.4) 16 (24.2) 15 (22.7) 200 (33.0) 45 (36.0) 22 (28.2)
Daily sitting time, min, median (IQR) 240.0 (240.0)** 300.0 (330.0)** , § 180.0 (195.0)** 180.00 (180) 180.00 (180) 180.00 (210) 180.0 (180.0)** 240.0 (300.0)** 180.0 (187.5)**
VPA, MET-min/week, median (IQR) 340.0 (1920.0) § 960.0 (2880.0) § 960.0 (5130.0) 0.00 (560)** , §§ 0.00 (960)** 0.00 (1380)** , §§ 0.0 (960.0) 240.0 (1440.0) 0.0 (1920.0)
MPA, MET-min/week, median (IQR) 60.0 (720.0)§ 280.0 (960.0)§ 120.0 (720.0) 280.00 (3360) 280.00 (3360) 450.00 (3360) 280.0 (1680.0) 280.0 (1680.0) 360.0 (3360.0)
WPA, MET-min/week, median (IQR) 346.5 (693.0) 594.0 (941.0) 577.5 (1361.0) 429.00 (759) 346.50 (743) 346.50 (594) 396.0 (742.5) 462.0 (1089.0) 371.3 (594.0)
Total PA, MET-min/week, median (IQR) 1657.5 (3627.0) 2000.0 (4194.0) 2253.0 (6373.0) 1680.00 (4347) 1732.50 (5993) 2273.00 (4499) 16660. (3861.6) 1878.0 (5579.5) 2273.0 (4499.3)
Overall PA level, n(%)          
 Low 91 (30.3) 18 (25.0) 3 (25.0) 83 (27.1) 22 (33.3) 17 (25.8) 174 (28.7) 40 (32.0) 20 (25.6)
 Moderate 114 (38.0) 24 (40.7) 5 (41.7) 114 (37.3) 21 (31.8) 23 (34.8) 228 (37.6) 45 (36.0) 28 (35.9)
 HEPA 95 (31.7) 17 (28.8) 4 (33.3) 109 (35.6) 23 (34.8) 29 (39.4) 204 (33.7) 40 (32.0) 30 (38.5)
2007 PA recommendation, n(%)          
 No 161 (53.7) 27 (45.8) 5 (41.7) 151 (49.3) 31 (47.0) 29 (43.9) 312 (51.5) 58 (46.4) 34 (43.6)
 Yes 139 (46.3) 32 (54.2) 7 (58.3) 155 (50.7) 35 (53.0) 37 (56.1) 294 (48.5) 67 (53.6) 44 (56.4)
  1. *Comparison between healthy, controlled asthmatic and uncontrolled asthmatic, p=0.01. ** Comparison between healthy, controlled asthmatic and uncontrolled asthmatic, p<0.05. § Comparison between healthy men and controlled asthmatic men, p<0.05. §§ Comparison between healthy and uncontrolled asthmatic women, p<0.05. BMI: body mass index; PA: physical activity; VPA: vigorous PA; MPA: moderate PA; WPA: walking PA; Total PA: walking, moderate and vigorous PA; HEPA: health-enhancing PA.