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Table 2 Risk factors for dysfunctional breathing (multiple regression analysis)

From: Dysfunctional breathing phenotype in adults with asthma - incidence and risk factors

Risk factor Beta St.Err of beta B S.Err of B p value
Female sex 0.044035 0.053897 0.032830 0.040182 0.416651
Obesity −0.027895 0.054722 −0.020812 0.040828 0.611803
Atopy 0.039556 0.056458 0.046908 0.066951 0.485822
Active smoker −0.044177 0.052323 −0.042061 0.049817 0.401331
Moderate/severe rhinitis 0.086165 0.054499 0.065263 0.041278 0.118311
Psychopathology 0.395755 0.076665 0.406942 0.078832 0.000002*
GERD 0.087420 0.080967 0.103668 0.096015 0.283928
High blood pressure −0.011727 0.054169 −0.016319 0.075377 0.829222
Severe asthma −0.057307 0.074725 −0.048295 0.062974 0.445681
Lack of asthma control −0.437868 0.072179 −0.407959 0.067249 <0.0000001*
Asthma duration > 5 years −0.038431 0.058607 −0.029108 0.044390 0.514114
Fixed airway obstruction −0.073994 0.053388 −0.081121 0.058531 0.170100
Fast FEV1 decline 0.039443 0.057331 0.051653 0.075078 0.493702
Frequent exacerbator 0.177586 0.070043 0.151735 0.059847 0.013436*
Brittle asthma −0.024448 0.063002 −0.036526 0.094127 0.699140
Lack of ICS 0.025523 0.071903 0.019043 0.053646 0.723664
Use of LABA as add-on 0.031491 0.094519 0.025350 0.076089 0.739988
Use of LTRA 0.068785 0.051638 0.056558 0.042459 0.187104
  1. * p value statistically significant.