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Table 2 Assessment and management issues of asthma in older patients

From: Allergic diseases in the elderly

  Assessment
Comorbidities  
COPD Smoking history, spirometry, 6-min walking test, oxygen saturation,...
Congestive heart failure Chest X-ray, echocardiogram, B-type natriuretic peptide
Gastro-oesophageal reflux Proton pump inhibitor trial, oesophageal pHmetry
Sleep apnoea Sleep monitoring
Anaemia Haemoglobin
Mood and mental disorders Psychological evaluation, specific test scores for depression, anxiety, dementia
Risk factors  
Smoking Self report, exhaled carbon monoxide
Excessive or deficient body weight Body mass index
Activity limitation Self reported
Management  
Inhaler device technique Direct assessment
Exacerbation management Self report
Polymedication Medication review
Common conditions affected by asthma drugs  
Cataracts Ophthalmic examination
Osteoporosis Densitometry
Hyperglycemia Glycaemia monitoring
  1. Adapted from Gibson PG et al. [38]