Volume 4 Supplement 1
O05 - Once-daily tiotropium in adolescents with symptomatic asthma despite inhaled corticosteroid treatment: a dose-ranging study
© Vogelberg et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 28 February 2014
Once-daily tiotropium is an effective and safe add-on bronchodilator for asthmatic adults who remain symptomatic despite inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) treatment in accordance with current international guidelines. Despite the wide range of available therapy options, many adolescents with asthma have disease that is sub-optimally controlled.
This randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind, incomplete crossover study (NCT01122680) evaluated the efficacy and safety of 5, 2.5 and 1.25 µg once-daily (evening) tiotropium (via Respimat® Soft Mist™ Inhaler) versus placebo in three 4-week treatment periods in adolescents (aged 12-17 years) with symptomatic asthma despite medium-dose ICS. The primary efficacy end point was change in peak forced expiratory volume in 1 second within 3 hours post-dose (peak FEV1(0-3h)) assessed as a response (difference from baseline). Secondary end points included trough FEV1, FEV1 area under the curve (AUC)(0-3h), peak expiratory flow (PEFam/pm) responses and Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) score.
Of 139 enrolled patients, 105 were randomised to receive one of four treatment sequences. Peak FEV1(0-3h) response was statistically significantly greater with 5 µg tiotropium than placebo (difference from placebo: 113±39 (SE) mL; p=0.0043). Trough FEV1 and FEV1 AUC(0-3h) responses with 5 µg tiotropium were also significantly higher versus placebo (p<0.0001 and p=0.0001, respectively). A superior PEFam and PEFpm response was observed with 5 µg tiotropium over placebo. Although ACQ scores improved from baseline (2.091) with tiotropium (5 µg, 1.287; 2.5 µg, 1.366; 1.25 µg, 1.189), they also improved with placebo (1.371), which may be due to the short duration of this study. Safety profile was balanced across treatment groups, with the majority of adverse events being mild to moderate in severity and no dose-dependency observed.
This first study of tiotropium as add-on to ICS in adolescents with symptomatic asthma demonstrates that 5 µg tiotropium is an effective and well-tolerated dose.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.