Volume 4 Supplement 1
O04 - Effects of 5-lipoxygenase pathway inhibition on rhinovirus-associated bronchial epithelial inflammation
© Spyridaki et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2014
Published: 28 February 2014
Human bronchial epithelial cells produce a variety of inflammatory mediators upon exposure to rhinovirus (RV), a major precipitant of asthma exacerbations. We hypothesized that anti-leukotriene (LT) treatment of epithelial cells with or without exposure to supernatants of RV-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) may inhibit RV-induced up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines.
PBMCs were isolated from a non-atopic, non-asthmatic donor and exposed to 1MOI of RV-1B, and supernatants were harvested at 48h post-infection. Subsequently, BEAS-2B, a bronchial epithelial cell line, was infected with RV, with or without conditioning with PBMC supernatants. Treatment with anti-LT agents was performed either on both PBMCs and BEAS-2B or at the bronchial epithelial level only, with varying concentrations of montelukast or MK-886. We evaluated the concentration of inflammatory cytokines (IL-8, RANTES, IL-11, IL-6 and IP-10) in culture supernatants at 48 hours after infection of BEAS-2B cells with the use of commercially available immunoassays.
Treatment of PBMCs and BEAS-2B with montelukast at concentrations of 10-4M to 10-6M, and with MK-886 at a concentration of 10-4M significantly inhibited release of IL-8 by RV-infected BEAS-2B. RANTES, IL-6 and IP-10 release was inhibited at all concentrations tested by both drugs, while IL-11 release was inhibited only after treatment with montelukast. Treatment of BEAS-2B cells with montelukast or with MK-886 at a concentration of 10-6M inhibited release of all cytokines measured, irrespective of exposure to conditioned media of RV-infected PBMCs, while 10-9M montelukast inhibited the release of IL-8, IL-11 and IL-6, and 10-9M MK-886 suppressed the release of IL-8 and RANTES.
Our results show that anti-LT treatment of RV-infected bronchial epithelial cells, with or without exposure to conditioned media of RV-infected PBMCs suppresses epithelial RV-mediated inflammatory cytokine production. Our observations may represent an indirect mode of action of anti-leukotriene medication in virus-induced asthma.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.